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OG 2017 Q495-500 horrendous passage!

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amontobin Junior | Next Rank: 30 Posts Default Avatar
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OG 2017 Q495-500 horrendous passage!

Post Thu Jun 01, 2017 9:51 pm
Elapsed Time: 00:00
  • Lap #[LAPCOUNT] ([LAPTIME])
    Can anyone help me make sense of this passage? It seems especially boring and confusing.

    It is an odd but indisputable fact that the seventeenth-century English women who are generally regarded as among the forerunners of modern feminism are almost all identified with the Royalist side in the conflict between Royalist and Parliamentarians known as the English Civil Wars. Since Royalist ideology is often associated with the radical patriarchalism of seventeenth-century political theorist Robert Filmer-a patriarchalism that equates family and kingdom and asserts the divinely ordained absolute power of the king and, by analogy, of the male head of the household-historians have been understandably puzzled by the fact that Royalist women wrote the earliest extended criticism of the absolute systematic assertions of women’s rational and moral equality with men. Some historians have questioned the facile equation of Royalist ideology with Filmerian patriarchalism; and indeed, there may have been no consistent differences between Royalist and Parliamentarians on issues of family organization and women’s political rights, but in that case one would expect early feminists to be equally divided between the two sides.

    Catherine Gallagher argues that Royalism engendered feminism because the ideology of absolute monarchy provided a transition to an ideology of the absolute self. She cites the example of the notoriously eccentric author Margaret Cavendish (1626-1673), duchess of Newcastle. Cavendish claimed to be as ambitious as any woman could be, but knowing that as a woman she was excluded from the pursuit of power in the real world, she resolved to be mistress of her own world, the “immaterial world” that any person can create within her own mind-and, as a writer, on paper. In proclaiming what she called her “singularity,” Cavendish insisted that she was a self-sufficient being within her mental empire, the center of her own subjective universe rather than a satellite orbiting a dominant male planet. In justifying this absolute singularity, Cavendish repeatedly invoked the model of the absolute monarch, a figure that became a metaphor for the self-enclosed, autonomous nature of the individual person. Cavendish’s successors among early feminists retained her notion of woman’s sovereign self, but they also sought to break free isolation that her absolute singularity entailed.

    The author of the passage refers to Robert Filmer primarily in order to

    A) show that Royalist ideology was somewhat more radical than most historians appear to realize
    B) qualify the claim that patriarchalism formed the basis of Royalist ideology
    C) question the view that most early feminists were associated with the Royalist faction
    D) highlight an apparent tension between Royalists ideology and the ideas of early feminists
    E) argue that Royalists held conflicting opinions on issues of family organization and women's political rights

    The passage suggests which of the following about the seventeenth-century English women mentioned in line 2?

    A) Their status as forerunners of modern feminists is not entirely justified
    B)They did not openly challenge the radical patriarchalism of Royalist Filmerian ideology
    C) Cavendish was the first among these women to criticize women's subordination in marriage and assert women equality with men
    D) Their views on family organization and women's political rights were diametrically opposed to those of both Royalist and patriarchalism ideology
    E) Historians would be less puzzled if more of them were identified with the Patriarchalism side in the English Civil Wars

    The passage suggests that Margaret Cavendish's decision to become an author was motivated, at least in part, by a desire to

    A) Justify her support for the Royalist cause
    B) Encourage her readers to work toward eradicating Filmer Patriarchalism
    C) Persuade other women to break free from their political and social isolation
    D) Analyze the cause for women's exclusion from the pursuit of power
    E) Create a world over which she could exercise total control

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    Post Fri Jun 02, 2017 8:59 am
    Quote:
    The author of the passage refers to Robert Filmer primarily in order to

    A) show that Royalist ideology was somewhat more radical than most historians appear to realize
    B) qualify the claim that patriarchalism formed the basis of Royalist ideology
    C) question the view that most early feminists were associated with the Royalist faction
    D) highlight an apparent tension between Royalists ideology and the ideas of early feminists
    E) argue that Royalists held conflicting opinions on issues of family organization and women's political rights
    Early in the passage, we're told that the forerunners of modern feminism tended to identify as Royalists. We then learn that Royalist ideology is associated with Robert Filmer's patriarchalism - the retrograde notion that both family and kingdom should be headed by a man. Clearly, patriarchalism, and by extension, Royalist ideology, isn't compatible with feminism. This is captured in D

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    Post Fri Jun 02, 2017 9:03 am
    The passage suggests which of the following about the seventeenth-century English women mentioned in line 2?
    Quote:
    A) Their status as forerunners of modern feminists is not entirely justified
    B)They did not openly challenge the radical patriarchalism of Royalist Filmerian ideology
    C) Cavendish was the first among these women to criticize women's subordination in marriage and assert women equality with men
    D) Their views on family organization and women's political rights were diametrically opposed to those of both Royalist and patriarchalism ideology
    E) Historians would be less puzzled if more of them were identified with the Parliamentarian side in the English Civil Wars
    In the last line in the first paragraph, we get: one would expect early feminists to be equally divided between the two sides. So we'd expect these early feminists to be equally divided between Royalism and Parliamentarianism. Inexplicably, the women are mostly Royalists. Historians would have been less puzzled if there were more Parliamentarians. The answer is E

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    Post Fri Jun 02, 2017 9:06 am
    Quote:
    The passage suggests that Margaret Cavendish's decision to become an author was motivated, at least in part, by a desire to

    A) Justify her support for the Royalist cause
    B) Encourage her readers to work toward eradicating Filmer Patriarchalism
    C) Persuade other women to break free from their political and social isolation
    D) Analyze the cause for women's exclusion from the pursuit of power
    E) Create a world over which she could exercise total control
    In the middle of the second paragraph we get this line: knowing that as a woman she was excluded from the pursuit of power in the real world, she resolved to be mistress of her own world, the “immaterial world” that any person can create within her own mind-and, as a writer, on paper. She wrote to be the mistress in control of her own world. The answer is E

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