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OG 2016 SC 105

This topic has 1 expert reply and 4 member replies
Crystal W Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts
Joined
02 Mar 2016
Posted:
154 messages
2

OG 2016 SC 105

Wed Mar 16, 2016 7:55 am
One of the primary distinctions between our intelligence with that of other primates may lay not so much in any specific skill but in our ability to extend knowledge gained in one context to new and different ones.

A. between our intelligence with that of other primates may lay not so much in any specific skill but
B. between our intelligence with that of other primates may lie not so much in any specific skill but instead
C. between our intelligence and that of other primates may lie not so much in any specific skill as
D. our intelligence has from that of other primates may lie not in any specific skill as
E. of our intelligence to that of other primates may lay not in any specific skill but
I understand all other points which need to be considered in this question. My question is about the choice D. The explanation on OG is "without so much, which is used in (C), as seems to introduce a comparison for specific skill rather than a distinction". Can you explain more about the "so much as" and "as"?

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Crystal W Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts
Joined
02 Mar 2016
Posted:
154 messages
2
Mon Mar 21, 2016 1:47 pm
GMATGuruNY wrote:
Crystal W wrote:
My question is about the choice D. The explanation on OG is "without so much, which is used in (C), as seems to introduce a comparison for specific skill rather than a distinction". Can you explain more about the "so much as" and "as"?
D: One of the primary distinctions our intelligence has...may lie not in any specific skill.
Conveyed meaning:
In all likelihood, our intelligence has a distinction not attributable to any specific skill.

OA: One of the primary distinctions between our intelligence and that of other primates may lie not so much in any specific skill as in our ability to extend knowledge.
Conveyed meaning:
In all likelihood, our superior intelligence can be attributed MORE to our ability to extend knowledge THAN to any specific skill.

D does not convey the intended comparison.
Eliminate D.
Thank you so much!

Crystal W Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts
Joined
02 Mar 2016
Posted:
154 messages
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Mon Mar 21, 2016 1:48 pm
fabiocafarelli wrote:
1. In option C, the phrase not so much in any specific skill as in our ability uses the form NOT SO + ADJECTIVE (OR ADVERB) + AS. In this case, this form does not introduce a comparison between different things. Rather, it introduces a nuance. It says that a distinction does not really lie in specific skills: it lies in a more general ability.

Here is another example: Some people eat not so much to satisfy hunger as to avoid it. In other words, the objective of eating is not really one thing but rather another. The sentence distinguishes between two objectives but does not really compare them.

2. In option D, on the other hand, the phrase not in any specific skill as in our ability seems to want to make a (quite inept) comparison between SKILL and ABILITY, as the Official Guide suggests - though of course if such a comparison really were the objective here, it would have to be made differently. The construction in option D does not succeed in making the comparison that the OG points to.

3. I think that a simpler way to look at this would be to say that NOT ... AS should be NOT ... BUT: this construction would then be grammatically correct and would provide a comparison, but in doing so would alter the meaning of the sentence as expressed in option A and in the correct option.

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Thank you so much!

Crystal W Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts
Joined
02 Mar 2016
Posted:
154 messages
2
Mon Mar 21, 2016 1:47 pm
GMATGuruNY wrote:
Crystal W wrote:
My question is about the choice D. The explanation on OG is "without so much, which is used in (C), as seems to introduce a comparison for specific skill rather than a distinction". Can you explain more about the "so much as" and "as"?
D: One of the primary distinctions our intelligence has...may lie not in any specific skill.
Conveyed meaning:
In all likelihood, our intelligence has a distinction not attributable to any specific skill.

OA: One of the primary distinctions between our intelligence and that of other primates may lie not so much in any specific skill as in our ability to extend knowledge.
Conveyed meaning:
In all likelihood, our superior intelligence can be attributed MORE to our ability to extend knowledge THAN to any specific skill.

D does not convey the intended comparison.
Eliminate D.
Thank you so much!

Crystal W Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts
Joined
02 Mar 2016
Posted:
154 messages
2
Mon Mar 21, 2016 1:48 pm
fabiocafarelli wrote:
1. In option C, the phrase not so much in any specific skill as in our ability uses the form NOT SO + ADJECTIVE (OR ADVERB) + AS. In this case, this form does not introduce a comparison between different things. Rather, it introduces a nuance. It says that a distinction does not really lie in specific skills: it lies in a more general ability.

Here is another example: Some people eat not so much to satisfy hunger as to avoid it. In other words, the objective of eating is not really one thing but rather another. The sentence distinguishes between two objectives but does not really compare them.

2. In option D, on the other hand, the phrase not in any specific skill as in our ability seems to want to make a (quite inept) comparison between SKILL and ABILITY, as the Official Guide suggests - though of course if such a comparison really were the objective here, it would have to be made differently. The construction in option D does not succeed in making the comparison that the OG points to.

3. I think that a simpler way to look at this would be to say that NOT ... AS should be NOT ... BUT: this construction would then be grammatically correct and would provide a comparison, but in doing so would alter the meaning of the sentence as expressed in option A and in the correct option.

If you like this post, please click on the THANK icon.

You can also visit us at http://www.xgmat.com/
Thank you so much!

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GMATGuruNY GMAT Instructor
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Sun Mar 20, 2016 3:22 am
Crystal W wrote:
My question is about the choice D. The explanation on OG is "without so much, which is used in (C), as seems to introduce a comparison for specific skill rather than a distinction". Can you explain more about the "so much as" and "as"?
D: One of the primary distinctions our intelligence has...may lie not in any specific skill.
Conveyed meaning:
In all likelihood, our intelligence has a distinction not attributable to any specific skill.

OA: One of the primary distinctions between our intelligence and that of other primates may lie not so much in any specific skill as in our ability to extend knowledge.
Conveyed meaning:
In all likelihood, our superior intelligence can be attributed MORE to our ability to extend knowledge THAN to any specific skill.

D does not convey the intended comparison.
Eliminate D.

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