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OG 13 #9

This topic has 3 expert replies and 9 member replies
hey_thr67 Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts Default Avatar
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OG 13 #9

Post Sat Jun 09, 2012 4:01 am
Elapsed Time: 00:00
  • Lap #[LAPCOUNT] ([LAPTIME])
    In 1979 lack of rain reduced India's rice production to about 41 million tons, nearly 25 percent less than those of the 1978 harvest.

    A: less than those of the 1978 harvest.
    B: less than the 1978 harvest.
    C: less than 1978.
    D: fewer than 1978.
    E: less than that of India's 1978 harvest.

    OA is B. Why not A ?

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    Post Sat Jun 09, 2012 7:19 am
    hey_thr67 wrote:
    In 1979 lack of rain reduced India's rice production to about 41 million tons, nearly 25 percent less than those of the 1978 harvest.

    A: less than those of the 1978 harvest.
    B: less than the 1978 harvest.
    C: less than 1978.
    D: fewer than 1978.
    E: less than that of India's 1978 harvest.

    OA is B. Why not A ?
    In E, that seems to refer to production. Thus, that of India's 1978 harvest implies the PRODUCTION of India's HARVEST - an error of redundancy, since the PRODUCTION and the HARVEST are the same thing. Eliminate E.

    C and D each seem to compare the rice production to 1978. The PRODUCTION cannot be compared to a YEAR. Eliminate C and D.

    In A, those seems to refer to tons, implying that the TONS of the rice production in 1979 are being compared to the TONS of the 1978 harvest. Not the intended meaning. The intention here is to compare the PRODUCTION in one year to the HARVEST in the other. Eliminate A.

    The correct answer is B.

    Consider the following analogy.
    INCORRECT: This year John's salary increased to 50,000 dollars, 25% more than those of his salary last year.
    This sentence is nonsense: the intention clearly is not to compare the DOLLARS of one salary to the DOLLARS of the other but rather to compare one SALARY to the other.

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    Last edited by GMATGuruNY on Mon Jun 11, 2012 4:18 am; edited 1 time in total

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    ankita1709 Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts Default Avatar
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    Post Sat Jun 09, 2012 7:50 am
    hey_thr67 wrote:
    In 1979 lack of rain reduced India's rice production to about 41 million tons, nearly 25 percent less than those of the 1978 harvest.

    A: less than those of the 1978 harvest.
    B: less than the 1978 harvest.
    C: less than 1978.
    D: fewer than 1978.
    E: less than that of India's 1978 harvest.

    OA is B. Why not A ?
    Mitch, if B was
    B: less than that of 1978. Is this correct.
    I suppose this is. Smile

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    tanviet Legendary Member Default Avatar
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    Post Mon Jun 11, 2012 2:37 am
    B compare "rice production" with " havest" . This is ok

    E compare "rice production in 79" to "rice production in 78". This is ok . Why E is redundant? please, help, thank you.

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    Post Mon Jun 11, 2012 2:44 am
    B comapre " rice production " with "havest" . This is ok.

    E compare " rice production in 79" with " rice production in 78" is is ok. Why E is redundant? pls, help.

    Post Mon Jun 11, 2012 4:19 am
    duongthang wrote:
    B comapre " rice production " with "havest" . This is ok.

    E compare " rice production in 79" with " rice production in 78" is is ok. Why E is redundant? pls, help.
    Please revisit my earlier post, in which I've fleshed out the reasoning.

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    richachampion Legendary Member
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    Post Sat Aug 06, 2016 4:27 pm
    In 1979 lack of rain reduced India's rice production to about 41 million tons, nearly 25 percent less than those of the 1978 harvest.

    A: less than those of the 1978 harvest.
    Guys, "those of" here refers to the tons. Let us Re-write the Options.
    A: less than tons of the 1978 harvest. This option doesn't convey proper meaning, and also less is wrong here. It should be fewer.

    Guys as you asked if we changed "those" to "that" - Then the option will look like -
    A: less than that of the 1978 harvest.

    This creates ambiguity -
    Unlike "those of", "that of" can refer to both singular and plural entities.
    "that of" would create an ambiguity whether it is tons or production that it is referring to.

    Option E makes a little improvement by changing less to fewer, but then again it creates ambiguity by introducing "that of". Apart from this option also is quite wordy and indirect.

    Does this all make sense Belisa?

    AbdurRakib Junior | Next Rank: 30 Posts
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    Post Tue Aug 09, 2016 3:25 am
    richachampion wrote:
    In 1979 lack of rain reduced India's rice production to about 41 million tons, nearly 25 percent less than those of the 1978 harvest.

    A: less than those of the 1978 harvest.
    Guys, "those of" here refers to the tons. Let us Re-write the Options.
    A: less than tons of the 1978 harvest. This option doesn't convey proper meaning, and also less is wrong here. It should be fewer.

    Guys as you asked if we changed "those" to "that" - Then the option will look like -
    A: less than that of the 1978 harvest.

    This creates ambiguity -
    Unlike "those of", "that of" can refer to both singular and plural entities.
    "that of" would create an ambiguity whether it is tons or production that it is referring to.

    Option E makes a little improvement by changing less to fewer, but then again it creates ambiguity by introducing "that of". Apart from this option also is quite wordy and indirect.

    Does this all make sense Belisa?
    "Unlike "those of", "that of" can refer to both singular and plural entities."

    May I get pair of example sentences about your undersiang above.

    Thanks

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    richachampion Legendary Member
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    Post Tue Aug 09, 2016 4:45 am
    AbdurRakib wrote:
    richachampion wrote:
    In 1979 lack of rain reduced India's rice production to about 41 million tons, nearly 25 percent less than those of the 1978 harvest.

    A: less than those of the 1978 harvest.
    Guys, "those of" here refers to the tons. Let us Re-write the Options.
    A: less than tons of the 1978 harvest. This option doesn't convey proper meaning, and also less is wrong here. It should be fewer.

    Guys as you asked if we changed "those" to "that" - Then the option will look like -
    A: less than that of the 1978 harvest.

    This creates ambiguity -
    Unlike "those of", "that of" can refer to both singular and plural entities.
    "that of" would create an ambiguity whether it is tons or production that it is referring to.

    Option E makes a little improvement by changing less to fewer, but then again it creates ambiguity by introducing "that of". Apart from this option also is quite wordy and indirect.

    Does this all make sense Belisa?
    "Unlike "those of", "that of" can refer to both singular and plural entities."

    May I get pair of example sentences about your undersiang above.

    Thanks
    I do not have the information handy now, but the information is true when I WILL encounter such problem I will let you know.

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    richachampion Legendary Member
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    Post Tue Aug 09, 2016 4:46 am

    _________________
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    Post Wed Aug 10, 2016 4:25 am
    richachampion wrote:
    Unlike "those of", "that of" can refer to both singular and plural entities.
    Not true.
    that of must serve to refer to a SINGULAR antecedent.
    those of must serve to refer to a PLURAL antecedent.

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    richachampion Legendary Member
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    Post Wed Aug 10, 2016 4:34 am
    GMATGuruNY wrote:
    richachampion wrote:
    Unlike "those of", "that of" can refer to both singular and plural entities.
    Not true.
    that of must serve to refer to a SINGULAR antecedent.
    those of must serve to refer to a PLURAL antecedent.
    Thank You Mr. Hunt,

    But there are 2-3 Official question in which that of is referring back to Plural. I do not have those problems handy with me, But I have bookmarked this thread as soon as I get a hold of them I will post those problems here.

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    joealam1 Senior | Next Rank: 100 Posts Default Avatar
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    Post Tue Sep 06, 2016 6:37 am
    Hey Guys,

    I have doubts on the "less/fewer than" split.

    "nearly 25 percent" can it refer to 41 millions tons in another sentence??

    Let's consider that E) was : fewer than the 1978 harvest

    then could it have been the right answer??

    Thanks.

    Regards,

    Joe

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