• e-gmat Exclusive Offer
    Get 300+ Practice Questions
    25 Video lessons and 6 Webinars for FREE

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    e-gmat Exclusive Offer
  • Kaplan Test Prep
    Free Practice Test & Review
    How would you score if you took the GMAT

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Kaplan Test Prep
  • EMPOWERgmat Slider
    1 Hour Free
    BEAT THE GMAT EXCLUSIVE

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    EMPOWERgmat Slider
  • Magoosh
    Magoosh
    Study with Magoosh GMAT prep

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Magoosh
  • Target Test Prep
    5-Day Free Trial
    5-day free, full-access trial TTP Quant

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Target Test Prep
  • Economist Test Prep
    Free Trial & Practice Exam
    BEAT THE GMAT EXCLUSIVE

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Economist Test Prep
  • PrepScholar GMAT
    5 Day FREE Trial
    Study Smarter, Not Harder

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    PrepScholar GMAT
  • Veritas Prep
    Free Veritas GMAT Class
    Experience Lesson 1 Live Free

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Veritas Prep
  • Varsity Tutors
    Award-winning private GMAT tutoring
    Register now and save up to $200

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Varsity Tutors

Of course, in his attempts at field investigation, the histo

This topic has 3 member replies
mehulsayani Junior | Next Rank: 30 Posts Default Avatar
Joined
09 Aug 2012
Posted:
10 messages

Of course, in his attempts at field investigation, the histo

Post Sun Aug 19, 2012 1:02 am
Elapsed Time: 00:00
  • Lap #[LAPCOUNT] ([LAPTIME])
    Of course, in his attempts at field investigation, the historian is at the
    disadvantage that the countryside has changed in many respects since
    the period which he is studying. He is not permitted to use H.G. Wells‘s
    time machine, to enable him to see it as it actually was. Inevitably he is
    concerned in the main, if not exclusively, with literary and other
    materials, which have survived from that stretch of the past which
    interests him.
    Old maps may be plans of cities, charts of sea coasts and estuaries,
    cartularies of landed estates, or topographic delineations of land areas.
    These clearly engage the interest of historians and geographers alike, and
    they call for a combination of the methods and viewpoints of each. Maps
    can be conceived of and considered in several quite different ways, being
    properly regarded, and so assessed, as works of art-at best as objects of
    colour, skill, form, and beauty. They may alternatively be regarded purely
    for their cartographic aesthetic.
    The main queries which then arise are the following: how is it that the
    map-maker has carried out his task and with skill of what echelon and
    with what degree of success has he done so? Such an inquiry falls to the
    specialist field of historical cartography. An antiquarian map may also be
    approached in a means akin to that of the student who conceives it as a
    font contemporaneous with the time of its production. Thus, the historical
    cartographer may seek to bring grist to his mill and to consider the map‘s
    reliability as a satisfactory source of empirical evidence. By such means
    also the regional historian, in his search for essentials about such past
    matters as the availability of roads, the extent of enclosed farmland, or
    the number and location of mines and quarries, is no less an interested
    party.
    The value of old maps as documents useful for historicity depends
    necessarily on to what degree they depict and on how accurately. For
    virtually all periods of pre-modern history some maps have survived to
    serve as historiography, depicting, however imperfectly, certain features
    of past geography. The work of Claudius Ptolemy-who lived in the 2nd
    century A.D.-for centuries provided the basis for maps of the known
    world and its major regions. Although many were drawn on the scientific
    basis which he provided, they nevertheless embodied many errors-of
    location, distance, and the shape of areas of land and sea.
    The medieval portolan charts of the Mediterranean Sea and the later
    charts which provided sailing directions, produced in Holland, were
    accurate enough to be useful in practical navigation. Plans of important
    cities of Europe, so well-drawn as to yield evidence of their earlier form
    and extent, are notably offered in Braun and Hogenberg‘s Civitates Orbis
    Terrarum, published at Cologne and, in England, in John Speed‘s plans of
    cities. Similarly, John Ogilby‘s Britannia, Volume the First, appearing in
    1675, gives detailed information of England's road system as it existed
    nearly three centuries ago. However, few of the early maps approach
    modern standards, which require accurate representation of distances
    and of heights above mean sea-level and the use of carefully
    distinguished symbols. This is because it was not until the 18th century
    that cartography, as an exact science, was born.

    1. According to the passage, which of the following statements is/are NOT true?
    I. Most maps produced before the 18th century are not as accurate as
    maps produced after the 18th century.
    II. The maps of Claudius Ptolemy were not used as a model by later mapmakers.
    III. Historians have generally been uninterested in using maps as a tool to
    learn about the past.
    A. II only
    B. III only
    C. I and II
    D. II and III
    E. I, II and III

    Need free GMAT or MBA advice from an expert? Register for Beat The GMAT now and post your question in these forums!
    Gaurav 2013-fall Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts
    Joined
    22 Feb 2012
    Posted:
    307 messages
    Thanked:
    12 times
    Test Date:
    2012
    Target GMAT Score:
    800
    GMAT Score:
    700
    Post Fri Aug 24, 2012 3:08 am
    IMO B . whats the OA?

    _________________
    Let me tell you something you already know. The world ain't all sunshine and rainbows. It is a very mean and nasty place and it will beat you to your knees and keep you there permanently if you let it. You, me, or nobody is gonna hit as hard as life. But it ain't how hard you hit; it's about how hard you can get hit, and keep moving forward. How much you can take, and keep moving forward. That's how winning is done. Now, if you know what you're worth, then go out and get what you're worth. But you gotta be willing to take the hit, and not pointing fingers saying you ain't where you are because of him, or her, or anybody. Cowards do that and that ain't you. You're better than that! (Rocky VI)

    kartikshah Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts Default Avatar
    Joined
    15 Jul 2012
    Posted:
    156 messages
    Followed by:
    1 members
    Thanked:
    34 times
    Post Sat Aug 25, 2012 12:00 pm
    The answer should be D.
    Both II and III are false

    jhaankita164 Newbie | Next Rank: 10 Posts Default Avatar
    Joined
    02 Sep 2017
    Posted:
    1 messages
    Post Sat Sep 02, 2017 9:54 pm
    What should be the answer of the second and third question related to this passage?
    2.with which of the following statements would the author most likely to agree?
    A.old maps provide important information about the past,even if they are somewhat misleading.
    B.modern maps in braun and hogebberg's book have no historical value because of their errors.
    Dclaudius ptolemy maps were the most accurate ever made prior to the birth of modern cartography.
    E.the field of cartography is on downward spiral.
    I think A should be the answer.

    Best Conversation Starters

    1 LUANDATO 127 topics
    2 lheiannie07 87 topics
    3 Roland2rule 79 topics
    4 AAPL 78 topics
    5 swerve 70 topics
    See More Top Beat The GMAT Members...

    Most Active Experts

    1 image description EconomistGMATTutor

    The Economist GMAT Tutor

    162 posts
    2 image description Brent@GMATPrepNow

    GMAT Prep Now Teacher

    121 posts
    3 image description Jay@ManhattanReview

    Manhattan Review

    121 posts
    4 image description Rich.C@EMPOWERgma...

    EMPOWERgmat

    120 posts
    5 image description GMATGuruNY

    The Princeton Review Teacher

    116 posts
    See More Top Beat The GMAT Experts