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Of course, in his attempts at field investigation, the histo

This topic has 3 member replies
mehulsayani Junior | Next Rank: 30 Posts Default Avatar
09 Aug 2012
10 messages

Of course, in his attempts at field investigation, the histo

Post Sun Aug 19, 2012 1:02 am
Elapsed Time: 00:00
    Of course, in his attempts at field investigation, the historian is at the
    disadvantage that the countryside has changed in many respects since
    the period which he is studying. He is not permitted to use H.G. Wells‘s
    time machine, to enable him to see it as it actually was. Inevitably he is
    concerned in the main, if not exclusively, with literary and other
    materials, which have survived from that stretch of the past which
    interests him.
    Old maps may be plans of cities, charts of sea coasts and estuaries,
    cartularies of landed estates, or topographic delineations of land areas.
    These clearly engage the interest of historians and geographers alike, and
    they call for a combination of the methods and viewpoints of each. Maps
    can be conceived of and considered in several quite different ways, being
    properly regarded, and so assessed, as works of art-at best as objects of
    colour, skill, form, and beauty. They may alternatively be regarded purely
    for their cartographic aesthetic.
    The main queries which then arise are the following: how is it that the
    map-maker has carried out his task and with skill of what echelon and
    with what degree of success has he done so? Such an inquiry falls to the
    specialist field of historical cartography. An antiquarian map may also be
    approached in a means akin to that of the student who conceives it as a
    font contemporaneous with the time of its production. Thus, the historical
    cartographer may seek to bring grist to his mill and to consider the map‘s
    reliability as a satisfactory source of empirical evidence. By such means
    also the regional historian, in his search for essentials about such past
    matters as the availability of roads, the extent of enclosed farmland, or
    the number and location of mines and quarries, is no less an interested
    The value of old maps as documents useful for historicity depends
    necessarily on to what degree they depict and on how accurately. For
    virtually all periods of pre-modern history some maps have survived to
    serve as historiography, depicting, however imperfectly, certain features
    of past geography. The work of Claudius Ptolemy-who lived in the 2nd
    century A.D.-for centuries provided the basis for maps of the known
    world and its major regions. Although many were drawn on the scientific
    basis which he provided, they nevertheless embodied many errors-of
    location, distance, and the shape of areas of land and sea.
    The medieval portolan charts of the Mediterranean Sea and the later
    charts which provided sailing directions, produced in Holland, were
    accurate enough to be useful in practical navigation. Plans of important
    cities of Europe, so well-drawn as to yield evidence of their earlier form
    and extent, are notably offered in Braun and Hogenberg‘s Civitates Orbis
    Terrarum, published at Cologne and, in England, in John Speed‘s plans of
    cities. Similarly, John Ogilby‘s Britannia, Volume the First, appearing in
    1675, gives detailed information of England's road system as it existed
    nearly three centuries ago. However, few of the early maps approach
    modern standards, which require accurate representation of distances
    and of heights above mean sea-level and the use of carefully
    distinguished symbols. This is because it was not until the 18th century
    that cartography, as an exact science, was born.

    1. According to the passage, which of the following statements is/are NOT true?
    I. Most maps produced before the 18th century are not as accurate as
    maps produced after the 18th century.
    II. The maps of Claudius Ptolemy were not used as a model by later mapmakers.
    III. Historians have generally been uninterested in using maps as a tool to
    learn about the past.
    A. II only
    B. III only
    C. I and II
    D. II and III
    E. I, II and III

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    Gaurav 2013-fall Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts
    22 Feb 2012
    307 messages
    12 times
    Test Date:
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    Post Fri Aug 24, 2012 3:08 am
    IMO B . whats the OA?

    Let me tell you something you already know. The world ain't all sunshine and rainbows. It is a very mean and nasty place and it will beat you to your knees and keep you there permanently if you let it. You, me, or nobody is gonna hit as hard as life. But it ain't how hard you hit; it's about how hard you can get hit, and keep moving forward. How much you can take, and keep moving forward. That's how winning is done. Now, if you know what you're worth, then go out and get what you're worth. But you gotta be willing to take the hit, and not pointing fingers saying you ain't where you are because of him, or her, or anybody. Cowards do that and that ain't you. You're better than that! (Rocky VI)

    kartikshah Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts Default Avatar
    15 Jul 2012
    156 messages
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    1 members
    34 times
    Post Sat Aug 25, 2012 12:00 pm
    The answer should be D.
    Both II and III are false

    jhaankita164 Newbie | Next Rank: 10 Posts Default Avatar
    02 Sep 2017
    1 messages
    Post Sat Sep 02, 2017 9:54 pm
    What should be the answer of the second and third question related to this passage?
    2.with which of the following statements would the author most likely to agree?
    A.old maps provide important information about the past,even if they are somewhat misleading.
    B.modern maps in braun and hogebberg's book have no historical value because of their errors.
    Dclaudius ptolemy maps were the most accurate ever made prior to the birth of modern cartography.
    E.the field of cartography is on downward spiral.
    I think A should be the answer.

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