• Kaplan Test Prep
    Free Practice Test & Review
    How would you score if you took the GMAT

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Kaplan Test Prep
  • Target Test Prep
    5-Day Free Trial
    5-day free, full-access trial TTP Quant

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Target Test Prep
  • Varsity Tutors
    Award-winning private GMAT tutoring
    Register now and save up to $200

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Varsity Tutors
  • EMPOWERgmat Slider
    1 Hour Free
    BEAT THE GMAT EXCLUSIVE

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    EMPOWERgmat Slider
  • PrepScholar GMAT
    5 Day FREE Trial
    Study Smarter, Not Harder

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    PrepScholar GMAT
  • Magoosh
    Magoosh
    Study with Magoosh GMAT prep

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Magoosh
  • e-gmat Exclusive Offer
    Get 300+ Practice Questions
    25 Video lessons and 6 Webinars for FREE

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    e-gmat Exclusive Offer
  • Veritas Prep
    Free Veritas GMAT Class
    Experience Lesson 1 Live Free

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Veritas Prep
  • Economist Test Prep
    Free Trial & Practice Exam
    BEAT THE GMAT EXCLUSIVE

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Economist Test Prep

means to Vs means of

This topic has 2 expert replies and 9 member replies
selfmade Senior | Next Rank: 100 Posts
Joined
27 May 2010
Posted:
82 messages
Followed by:
3 members
Thanked:
2 times
Test Date:
Oct 15 2010
Target GMAT Score:
780

means to Vs means of

Post Sat Aug 07, 2010 2:36 pm
Elapsed Time: 00:00
  • Lap #[LAPCOUNT] ([LAPTIME])
    More and more in recent years, cities are stressing the arts as a means to greater economic development and investing millions of dollars in cultural activities, despite strained municipal budgets and fading federal support.
    (A) to greater economic development and investing
    (B) to greater development economically and investing
    (C) of greater economic development and invest
    (D) of greater development economically and invest
    (E) for greater economic development and the investment of

    I picked C .

    Can someone help explain when to use means to vs means of. Is means to a correct idiom ?

    _________________
    ----------
    Aiming for 780

    Need free GMAT or MBA advice from an expert? Register for Beat The GMAT now and post your question in these forums!
    indiantiger Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts
    Joined
    02 Oct 2009
    Posted:
    362 messages
    Followed by:
    1 members
    Thanked:
    26 times
    Post Sat Aug 07, 2010 3:10 pm
    (A) to greater economic development and investing <correct>
    (B) to greater development economically and investing
    (C) of greater economic development and invest <invest is not parallel to stressing>
    (D) of greater development economically and invest
    (E) for greater economic development and the investment of <not parallel and awkward>

    Try to read it like this:

    cities are stressing the arts as a means to greater economic development
    cities are investing millions of dollars in cultural activities.

    _________________
    "Single Malt is better than Blended"

    Thanked by: enantiodromia

    GMAT/MBA Expert

    e-GMAT GMAT Instructor
    Joined
    26 Jul 2010
    Posted:
    626 messages
    Followed by:
    223 members
    Thanked:
    527 times
    Post Sat Aug 07, 2010 6:26 pm
    'Means' is used in two idiomatically correct expressions as noted below. These expressions however have different meanings:

    x {as a means of} y = x is a type of y
    x {as a means to} y = x is a method to achieve y

    For example:
    Walking is a means of exercise.
    Some people use walking as a means to stay fit.

    We will now put this in the context of the sentence in question:

    City is stressing arts as a means to greater economic development
    The usage of expression as a means to is appropriate here since "arts" is a method to achieve "greater economic development.

    Thus, whenever you have to make the decision between using "as a means to" or "as a means of" always check which of the two meanings will make sense:
    "a type of" or "a method to achieve"

    I hope this helps.

    For e-GMAT users, this concept is explained in the concept file "Idioms - Functions-II".

    selfmade Senior | Next Rank: 100 Posts
    Joined
    27 May 2010
    Posted:
    82 messages
    Followed by:
    3 members
    Thanked:
    2 times
    Test Date:
    Oct 15 2010
    Target GMAT Score:
    780
    Post Sat Aug 07, 2010 6:50 pm
    Thanks e-GMAT. This really helps.

    _________________
    ----------
    Aiming for 780

    TOPGMAT Senior | Next Rank: 100 Posts Default Avatar
    Joined
    25 Aug 2010
    Posted:
    86 messages
    Thanked:
    1 times
    Post Wed Aug 25, 2010 11:04 am
    Need to undestand the concept clearly.
    Suppose the sentence is as follows.
    Some ppl are running as a means to stay fit and remaining healthy.
    "Remaining" seems not correct here.
    In similar lines, how can investing be right here ? whats wrong with invest?

    Gurpinder Legendary Member
    Joined
    14 Dec 2009
    Posted:
    659 messages
    Followed by:
    3 members
    Thanked:
    32 times
    Test Date:
    Target GMAT Score:
    GMAT Score:
    Post Wed Aug 25, 2010 12:15 pm
    TOPGMAT wrote:
    Need to undestand the concept clearly.
    Suppose the sentence is as follows.
    Some ppl are running as a means to stay fit and remaining healthy.
    "Remaining" seems not correct here.
    In similar lines, how can investing be right here ? whats wrong with invest?
    Some ppl are running as a means to stay fit and remaining healthy. Incorrect!
    It should be --> Some ppl run as a means to stay fit and to remain healthy.

    In the sentence of this post, the correct term is investing.

    Look: .....cities are stressing the arts as a means..... <-- the red is a progressive.

    so it should parallel. therefore, investing!

    _________________
    “Do not confuse motion and progress. A rocking horse keeps moving but does not make any progress.”
    - Alfred A. Montapert, Philosopher.

    GMAT/MBA Expert

    e-GMAT GMAT Instructor
    Joined
    26 Jul 2010
    Posted:
    626 messages
    Followed by:
    223 members
    Thanked:
    527 times
    Post Wed Aug 25, 2010 1:08 pm
    TOPGMAT wrote:
    Need to undestand the concept clearly.
    Suppose the sentence is as follows.
    Some ppl are running as a means to stay fit and remaining healthy.
    "Remaining" seems not correct here.
    In similar lines, how can investing be right here ? whats wrong with invest?
    TOPGMAT,

    As Gurpinder correctly pointed out in his response, there is a difference between the sentence in the post and your sentence.

    As I always say, read the sentence carefully and understand its meaning. As you completely understand the meaning you will be able to determine what constitutes a list in each of these sentences.

    "Cities are stressing the arts as a means to greater economic development and investing millions of dollars"

    In this sentence the list is as follows:
    Cities are
    1: Stressing...
    2: Investing...
    Thus, to maintain parallelism you should use "investing".

    "Some ppl are running as a means to stay fit and remaining healthy."
    In this sentence the list is as follows:
    As a means to
    1: Stay fit
    2: Remaining healthy.
    Thus, to maintain parallelism you should use "remain healthy".

    I hope this makes sense.

    Please let me know if you have any questions about the above.

    Regards,

    Payal Tandon

    TOPGMAT Senior | Next Rank: 100 Posts Default Avatar
    Joined
    25 Aug 2010
    Posted:
    86 messages
    Thanked:
    1 times
    Post Thu Aug 26, 2010 12:56 am
    Got it.
    Thanks payal and gurpinder.

    rohansharmaster Newbie | Next Rank: 10 Posts Default Avatar
    Joined
    02 May 2011
    Posted:
    4 messages
    Followed by:
    1 members
    Post Sat May 07, 2011 11:24 pm
    Friends,
    I have a doubt in this context of explanation.

    Do we say :
    Playing cricket is a Means of livelihood
    or
    Playing cricket is a Means to livelihood

    I suppose ,this phrase has got to do more wit idiom rather than rules.
    Thank you already fro helping me out.

    Rohan

    Target2009 Legendary Member
    Joined
    31 Oct 2009
    Posted:
    574 messages
    Followed by:
    5 members
    Thanked:
    29 times
    Target GMAT Score:
    750
    Post Sun May 08, 2011 5:17 am
    IMO a

    _________________
    Regards
    Abhishek
    ------------------------------
    MasterGmat Student

    Neilsheth2 Senior | Next Rank: 100 Posts
    Joined
    03 Jun 2012
    Posted:
    65 messages
    Thanked:
    1 times
    Post Fri Sep 04, 2015 2:36 am
    .... despite strained municipal budgets and fading federal support.

    Can some one pls explain why is the sentence parallel. The part that is not underlined!

    iMyself Senior | Next Rank: 100 Posts
    Joined
    13 Oct 2015
    Posted:
    53 messages
    Post Wed Sep 07, 2016 6:05 am
    selfmade wrote:
    More and more in recent years, cities are stressing the arts as a means to greater economic development and investing millions of dollars in cultural activities, despite strained municipal budgets and fading federal support.
    (A) to greater economic development and investing
    (B) to greater development economically and investing
    (C) of greater economic development and invest
    (D) of greater development economically and invest
    (E) for greater economic development and the investment of

    I picked C .

    Can someone help explain when to use means to vs means of. Is means to a correct idiom ?
    X as a means to y.....> x is used to make y
    x as a means of y....> x is a type of y
    hope it helps...

    Best Conversation Starters

    1 Vincen 180 topics
    2 lheiannie07 61 topics
    3 Roland2rule 61 topics
    4 ardz24 40 topics
    5 VJesus12 14 topics
    See More Top Beat The GMAT Members...

    Most Active Experts

    1 image description Brent@GMATPrepNow

    GMAT Prep Now Teacher

    160 posts
    2 image description Rich.C@EMPOWERgma...

    EMPOWERgmat

    102 posts
    3 image description GMATGuruNY

    The Princeton Review Teacher

    99 posts
    4 image description Jay@ManhattanReview

    Manhattan Review

    86 posts
    5 image description Matt@VeritasPrep

    Veritas Prep

    80 posts
    See More Top Beat The GMAT Experts