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Last year the price per share of Stock X increased

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rsarashi Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts Default Avatar
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Last year the price per share of Stock X increased

Post Wed Apr 19, 2017 9:16 am
Last year the price per share of Stock X increased by k percent and the earnings per share of Stock X increased by m percent, where k is greater than m. By what percent did the ratio of price per share to earnings per share increase, in terms of k and m?

A. k/m %
B. (k - m) %
C. [100(k - m)] / (100 + k) %
D. [100(k - m)] / (100 + m) %
E. [100(k - m)] / (100 + k + m) %

OAD

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Post Wed Apr 19, 2017 11:31 am
rsarashi wrote:
Last year the price per share of Stock X increased by k percent and the earnings per share of Stock X increased by m percent, where k is greater than m. By what percent did the ratio of price per share to earnings per share increase, in terms of k and m?

A. k/m %
B. (k - m) %
C. [100(k - m)] / (100 + k) %
D. [100(k - m)] / (100 + m) %
E. [100(k - m)] / (100 + k + m) %

OAD
An alternate approach is to combine plugging in values with a bit of algebra.

Old ratio:
Let the original price = 100 and the original earnings = 100.
Original ratio of price to earnings = 100/100 = 1.

New ratio:
Price increased by k% = 100 + (k/100)(100) = 100 + k.
Earnings increased by m% = 100 + (m/100)(100) = 100 + m.
New ratio = (100+k)/(100+m).

Difference between the ratios:
(100+k)/(100+m) - 1 = [(100+k) - (100+m)] / (100+m) = (k-m)/(100+m).

Percent change in the ratios = (difference between the ratios)/(original ratio) * 100:
[(k-m)/(100+m)] / 1 * 100 = [100(k-m)] / (100+m).

The correct answer is D.

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Post Wed Apr 19, 2017 10:31 am
It's worth noting that on these types of questions, the correct answers seem to be disproportionately weighted towards D and E. (At least they are in the Official Guide - most test-takers will start with A and work their way down, so if the correct answer is D or E, the problem is more time consuming.) When I'm picking numbers, I like to start with E and work my way up.

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Post Wed Apr 19, 2017 11:31 am
rsarashi wrote:
Last year the price per share of Stock X increased by k percent and the earnings per share of Stock X increased by m percent, where k is greater than m. By what percent did the ratio of price per share to earnings per share increase, in terms of k and m?

A. k/m %
B. (k - m) %
C. [100(k - m)] / (100 + k) %
D. [100(k - m)] / (100 + m) %
E. [100(k - m)] / (100 + k + m) %

OAD
An alternate approach is to combine plugging in values with a bit of algebra.

Old ratio:
Let the original price = 100 and the original earnings = 100.
Original ratio of price to earnings = 100/100 = 1.

New ratio:
Price increased by k% = 100 + (k/100)(100) = 100 + k.
Earnings increased by m% = 100 + (m/100)(100) = 100 + m.
New ratio = (100+k)/(100+m).

Difference between the ratios:
(100+k)/(100+m) - 1 = [(100+k) - (100+m)] / (100+m) = (k-m)/(100+m).

Percent change in the ratios = (difference between the ratios)/(original ratio) * 100:
[(k-m)/(100+m)] / 1 * 100 = [100(k-m)] / (100+m).

The correct answer is D.

_________________
Mitch Hunt
GMAT Private Tutor
GMATGuruNY@gmail.com
If you find one of my posts helpful, please take a moment to click on the "Thank" icon.
Available for tutoring in NYC and long-distance.
For more information, please email me at GMATGuruNY@gmail.com.

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