• Economist Test Prep
    Free Trial & Practice Exam
    BEAT THE GMAT EXCLUSIVE

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Economist Test Prep
  • EMPOWERgmat Slider
    1 Hour Free
    BEAT THE GMAT EXCLUSIVE

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    EMPOWERgmat Slider
  • Magoosh
    Magoosh
    Study with Magoosh GMAT prep

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Magoosh
  • Veritas Prep
    Free Veritas GMAT Class
    Experience Lesson 1 Live Free

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Veritas Prep
  • e-gmat Exclusive Offer
    Get 300+ Practice Questions
    25 Video lessons and 6 Webinars for FREE

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    e-gmat Exclusive Offer
  • Kaplan Test Prep
    Free Practice Test & Review
    How would you score if you took the GMAT

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Kaplan Test Prep
  • Varsity Tutors
    Award-winning private GMAT tutoring
    Register now and save up to $200

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Varsity Tutors
  • Target Test Prep
    5-Day Free Trial
    5-day free, full-access trial TTP Quant

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Target Test Prep
  • PrepScholar GMAT
    5 Day FREE Trial
    Study Smarter, Not Harder

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    PrepScholar GMAT

GMAT prep RC

This topic has 2 expert replies and 9 member replies
gasg Newbie | Next Rank: 10 Posts Default Avatar
Joined
04 Jan 2011
Posted:
9 messages
Upvotes:
1

GMAT prep RC

Post Fri Feb 04, 2011 2:48 pm
In a new book about the antiparty feeling of the early political leaders of the United States, Ralph Ketcham argues that the first six Presidents differed decisively from later Presidents because the first six held values inherited from the classical humanist tradition of eighteenth-century England. In this view, government was designed not to satisfy the private desires of the people but to make them better citizens; this tradition stressed the disinterested devotion of political leaders to the public good. Justice, wisdom, and courage were more important qualities in a leader than the ability to organize voters and win elections. Indeed, leaders were supposed to be called to office rather than to run for office. And if they took up the burdens of public office with a sense of duty, leaders also believed that such offices were naturally their due because of their social preeminence or their contributions to the country. Given this classical conception of leadership, it is not surprising that the first six Presidents condemned political parties. Parties were partial by definition, self-interested, and therefore serving something other than the transcendent public good.

Even during the first presidency (Washington's), however, the classical conception of virtuous leadership was being undermined by commercial forces that had been gathering since at least the beginning of the eighteenth century. Commerce--its profit-making, its self-interestedness, its individualism--became the enemy of these classical ideals. Although Ketcham does not picture the struggle in quite this way, he does rightly see Jackson's tenure (the seventh presidency) as the culmination of the acceptance of party, commerce, and individualism. For the Jacksonians, nonpartisanship lost its relevance, and under the direction of Van Buren, party gained a new legitimacy. The classical ideals of the first six Presidents became identified with a privileged aristocracy, an aristocracy that had to be overcome in order to allow competition between opposing political interests. Ketcham is so strongly committed to justifying the classical ideals, however, that he underestimates the advantages of their decline. For example, the classical conception of leadership was incompatible with our modern notion of the freedoms of speech and press, freedoms intimately associated with the legitimacy of opposing political parties.

Question
The passage is primarily concerned with

(A) describing and comparing two theories about the early history of the United States
(B) describing and analyzing an argument about the early history of the United States
(C) discussing new evidence that qualifies a theory about the early history of the United States
(D) refuting a theory about political leadership in the United States
(E) resolving an ambiguity in an argument about political leadership in the United States

How you classify this passage- about history of US or political leadership in US

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag
Need free GMAT or MBA advice from an expert? Register for Beat The GMAT now and post your question in these forums!
gmattesttaker2 Legendary Member Default Avatar
Joined
14 Feb 2012
Posted:
641 messages
Followed by:
8 members
Upvotes:
11
Post Fri Jan 03, 2014 10:39 pm
Hello,

For the following question from this same passage can you please tell me how to arrive at the correct answer:

The author of the passage would be most likely to agree with which of the following statements about Ketcham?

A) He overemphasizes the influence of classical ideals on the first six Presidents of the Untied States.

B) He fails to recognize that classical ideals had little influence on politics in the United States.

C) He does not pay adequate attention to the negative aspects of the first six President's commitment to the classical ideals.

D) He inaccurately suggests that classical ideals gave rise to our modern notion of democracy.

E) He underestimates the effect of ideologies other than the humanist tradition of the first six Presidents.

OA: C


Thanks for your help,
Sri

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag
Post Sun Apr 19, 2015 8:59 pm
To whom ever is reading this post,

Could I get some help on another question from the same RC passage?

It can be inferred that the author of the passage would be most likely to agree that modern views of freedoms of speech and press are:
a)values closely associated with the beliefs of the aristocracy of the early United States
b)political rights less compatible with democracy and individualism than with classical ideals
c)political rights uninfluenced by the formation of opposing political parties
d)values not inherent in the classical humanist tradition of eighteenth-century England
e)values whose interpretation would have been agreed on by all United States Presidents

I was thinking D but backed out and chose C.

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag
Jimit09 Newbie | Next Rank: 10 Posts Default Avatar
Joined
05 Nov 2016
Posted:
3 messages
Post Sun Nov 27, 2016 4:05 am
Refer to last 2 sentences of the passage which states that :-
"The classical ideals of the first six Presidents became identified with a privileged aristocracy, an aristocracy that had to be overcome in order to allow competition between opposing political interests. Ketcham is so strongly committed to justifying the classical ideals, however, that he underestimates the advantages of their decline. For example, the classical conception of leadership was incompatible with our modern notion of the freedoms of speech and press, freedoms intimately associated with the legitimacy of opposing political parties."

Here the author states Ketcham fails to understands the benefits of the downfall of classical ideals and gives an example "modern notion of the freedoms of speech and press, freedoms intimately associated with the legitimacy of opposing political parties" to support his point.



Thank if you find the post or explanation helpful Smile

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag
gmat_for_life Senior | Next Rank: 100 Posts
Joined
26 Jun 2015
Posted:
75 messages
Post Tue Jun 28, 2016 7:57 pm
Can anybody explain the correct answer to the below question?

It can be inferred that the author of the passage would be most likely to agree that modern views of the freedoms of speech and press are
(A) values closely associated with the beliefs of the aristocracy of the early United States
(B) political rights less compatible with democracy and individualism than with classical ideals
(C) political rights uninfluenced by the formation of opposing political parties
(D) values not inherent in the classical humanist tradition of eighteenth-century England
(E) values whose interpretation would have been agreed on by all United States Presidents

The OA is D.

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag
nasheen Senior | Next Rank: 100 Posts Default Avatar
Joined
19 Aug 2012
Posted:
44 messages
Post Tue Jun 04, 2013 10:37 am
According to the passage,the author and ketchman agree on which of the following points.
A)The first six presidents held the same ideas about political parties as later president did in the United States

E)Widespread acceptance of political parties occured during Andrew Jackson's presidency?

I have chosen option 'E' because of below bold line,but correct option is 'A'
Why option 'A' is correct?

Although Ketcham does not picture the struggle in quite this way, he does rightly see Jackson's tenure (the seventh presidency) as the culmination of the acceptance of party, commerce, and individualism

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag
HSPA Legendary Member
Joined
28 Jan 2011
Posted:
1101 messages
Followed by:
13 members
Upvotes:
47
Target GMAT Score:
720
GMAT Score:
640
Post Wed Mar 16, 2011 10:30 pm
Topic: antiparty by first six

First para:
first six Mr.P their
'thought inheritance'
'their qualites'
'no- private desire yes-public good'
Conclusion: first six condemmed political parties/parties are bad

Para two:
First P/may be all were hit by commercial forces.
qualites of commerce
book says P is not undermined by commmerce
New P the seventh did struggled with commerce
book justifies first six P ideals/book is bad at adv of first 6 decline
POV-- dis-adv of class concept "speech and press"
conclusion : book is bad in modern era


Q) Opinion: Passage is concenred with a book about first six P's classical conception/commerce/P.parites/modern era's classic concept view

a) only one theory is compared in old to modern era (classic concepts)
B) 1st para did a lot on this, 2nd para on the seventh rule and commerce
c) I did not find any evidence here [ what did I missed in 2nd para]
d) 1st para encouraged classical and 2nd para says modern era need new concepts
e) No ambiguity found

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag

GMAT/MBA Expert

Adam@Knewton GMAT Instructor
Joined
10 Jan 2011
Posted:
132 messages
Followed by:
37 members
Upvotes:
68
GMAT Score:
780
Post Wed Mar 16, 2011 7:28 pm
navami wrote:
Hi Adam,

Option B says: Describing and analyzing an argument about the early history of the United States
Isn't the words early history of the United States too general or broad in this case? I mean it is just the early political history of Unites states; how can we refer this as early history of the United States
Navami;

This is one of those if-it's-not-wrong,-it's-right moments on the GMAT. Yes, "early political history" would have been better. However, instead of asking yourself what's ideal, ask yourself whether or not the language of the answer choice could possibly be an accurate description of the passage. Is it about the US? check. Is it about history? check. Early history? check. That's enough to make this at least a possible answer choice.

It's important know when to be nit-picky and when not to be. When referring to specific details, an answer choice must match exactly what's in the passage; when referring to the author's tone or scope, they will always use different words than you see in the passage, so expect a little bit (just a little bit) of a gap in translation with very similar meanings, like here. Similarly, on Critical Reasoning, certain common-sense word replacements are okay (such as, an answer choice that says "newspapers, magazines, and television" when the original stimulus only referred to "the media"), but any change in the logic of an answer choice should cause you to nit-pick away at an answer.

When it comes to situations like this, as long as the wording of the answer choice doesn't contain any "killer words" to eliminate it, it's at least possible. If nothing in an answer choice is wrong, it must be right! Sorry for how annoying that is, but it's a good explanation to keep in mind Smile

_________________
Prep Smarter, Score Higher
www.knewton.com

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag
Thanked by: Prashant Ranjan, Jimit09
Dive right in with Knewton. Summer savings on GMAT Prep for $349 + additional $900 Mega Bonus from BTG. Enroll TODAY.
navami Legendary Member
Joined
20 Dec 2008
Posted:
540 messages
Followed by:
6 members
Upvotes:
37
Post Fri Mar 04, 2011 9:50 pm
Hi Adam,

Option B says: Describing and analyzing an argument about the early history of the United States
Isn't the words early history of the United States too general or broad in this case? I mean it is just the early political history of Unites states; how can we refer this as early history of the United States

_________________
This time no looking back!!!
Navami

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag
powerpuff Senior | Next Rank: 100 Posts
Joined
09 Jan 2011
Posted:
80 messages
Followed by:
5 members
Upvotes:
4
Post Thu Feb 17, 2011 1:27 am
I'll also go with option B. Nice explanation by Adam.

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag
Black Knight Senior | Next Rank: 100 Posts Default Avatar
Joined
02 Feb 2011
Posted:
75 messages
Followed by:
3 members
Upvotes:
6
Post Wed Feb 16, 2011 8:50 pm
I go with B and the subject should be 'A review of Ketcham's book'.

What's the OA?

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag

GMAT/MBA Expert

Adam@Knewton GMAT Instructor
Joined
10 Jan 2011
Posted:
132 messages
Followed by:
37 members
Upvotes:
68
GMAT Score:
780
Post Fri Feb 04, 2011 3:07 pm
gasg wrote:
Question
The passage is primarily concerned with

(A) describing and comparing two theories about the early history of the United States
(B) describing and analyzing an argument about the early history of the United States
(C) discussing new evidence that qualifies a theory about the early history of the United States
(D) refuting a theory about political leadership in the United States
(E) resolving an ambiguity in an argument about political leadership in the United States

How you classify this passage- about history of US or political leadership in US
The topic of this passage is neither the history of the US nor political leadership in the US; rather, it's Ketcham's book. The passage opens and closes with assessments of Ketcham's thesis, and all the details that are brought to bear are meant to analyze the legtimacy of Ketcham's book, not to analyze American history.

With this in mind, (A) is out because two theories aren't discussed, only one, and (D) is out because we do not refute Ketcham's book, even though at the very end we discuss some oversights in it. The real decision, though, comes down to (in this case, as is often but not always the case in RC) the verbs used in each answer choice:
(A) "describing," yes, "comparing," no.
(B) "describing," yes, "analyzing," yes.
(C) "discussing," yes, but there is "new evidence"; also "qualifying," no ("qualifying" on the GMAT means "explaining that a theory/model/substance doesn't work in all situations and showing which situations it does or doesn't work in").
(D) "refuting," no.
(E) "resolving an ambiguity," no.

_________________
Prep Smarter, Score Higher
www.knewton.com

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag
Thanked by: gasg, Prashant Ranjan
Dive right in with Knewton. Summer savings on GMAT Prep for $349 + additional $900 Mega Bonus from BTG. Enroll TODAY.

Best Conversation Starters

1 Roland2rule 174 topics
2 lheiannie07 110 topics
3 ardz24 64 topics
4 LUANDATO 56 topics
5 swerve 46 topics
See More Top Beat The GMAT Members...

Most Active Experts

1 image description Brent@GMATPrepNow

GMAT Prep Now Teacher

150 posts
2 image description Jeff@TargetTestPrep

Target Test Prep

145 posts
3 image description Rich.C@EMPOWERgma...

EMPOWERgmat

116 posts
4 image description GMATGuruNY

The Princeton Review Teacher

103 posts
5 image description Scott@TargetTestPrep

Target Test Prep

98 posts
See More Top Beat The GMAT Experts