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Gmat prep question

This topic has 13 member replies
jc114 Senior | Next Rank: 100 Posts Default Avatar
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Gmat prep question

Post Thu Apr 12, 2007 3:47 pm
Elapsed Time: 00:00
  • Lap #[LAPCOUNT] ([LAPTIME])
    Until quite recently, American presidents lived in a world in which the public and private realms of their lives were largely seperate, and the press cooperated in maintaining the distinction, and Americans judged national leaders without receiving, or expecting, intimate information about them.
    A..
    B. where the press cooperated in maintaining the distinction, and where
    C. for the press cooperated to maintain the distinction and
    D. the press cooperated to maintain the distinction, for
    E. in which the press cooperated in maintaing the distinction, and in which

    I choose B because where would relate to the "realms"..what about E? is "in which" appropriate??

    People have discovered the principles of solar energy whenever fuel becomes scarce and expensive but will forget them every time a new source of cheap energy is developed.
    A. ...
    B. have discovered the principels of solar energy whenever fuel has become scarce and expensive but they forget
    C.discovered the principles of solar energy every time fuel becomes scarce and expensive, forgetting
    D. discover the principles of solar energy every time fuel became scarce and expensive, but they forget
    E. discover the principles of solar energy whenever fuel becomes scarce and expensive but forget

    ==> is there a difference between "discovered" and "have discovered" (couldnt you use the present participle because people could have discovered from the past into the present?
    Also,...if you add "they", after "but" so it becomes "but they forget" (like D), is it wrong?

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    800GMAT Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts Default Avatar
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    Post Thu Apr 12, 2007 3:59 pm
    I think you can answer both questions without difficulty if u
    know the following constructions


    Independent clause;Independent clause
    Independent clause, coordinating conjunction Independent clause


    (common coordinating conjunctions : and, but, or, so, yet)
    Independent clauses stand alone as a sentence

    I would chose D for both questions

    jaspetrovic Junior | Next Rank: 30 Posts Default Avatar
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    Post Thu Apr 12, 2007 5:45 pm
    I'd choose A for first and E for second.

    What are the OA's?

    leo Senior | Next Rank: 100 Posts Default Avatar
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    Post Thu Apr 12, 2007 7:05 pm
    I'd choose A for first and B for second. Whats the OA's

    leo Senior | Next Rank: 100 Posts Default Avatar
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    Post Thu Apr 12, 2007 7:07 pm
    Sorry. I will select E for the second one.

    isisalaska Community Manager Default Avatar
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    Post Fri Apr 13, 2007 6:27 am
    1st sentence:

    I choose B. This sentence refers to the topic where vs. which

    where is used mainly for places while which is an adajetive. Examples:

    The house where I grew up is for sale

    The house which I like the most is the white one.

    2nd. sentence:
    I choose E since you need teh present tense here.

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    alugoya Newbie | Next Rank: 10 Posts Default Avatar
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    Post Fri Apr 13, 2007 1:24 pm
    i think E is correct choice for the first question
    and D for the Second

    jc114 Senior | Next Rank: 100 Posts Default Avatar
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    Post Fri Apr 13, 2007 8:42 pm
    i think i understand the reasonings...but the answer for both of them are E and E Embarassed

    aim-wsc Legendary Member
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    Post Fri Apr 13, 2007 9:57 pm
    jc114 wrote:
    Until quite recently, American presidents lived in a world in which the public and private realms of their lives were largely seperate, and the press cooperated in maintaining the distinction, and Americans judged national leaders without receiving, or expecting, intimate information about them.
    A..
    B. where the press cooperated in maintaining the distinction, and where
    C. for the press cooperated to maintain the distinction and
    D. the press cooperated to maintain the distinction, for
    E. in which the press cooperated in maintaing the distinction, and in which

    and where
    or
    and in which
    or such constructions are awkward unless they are making parallel sequence.
    & in this case they are indeed making parallel sequence
    So OK.

    Tracing the list of things is what making this problem difficult. Confused

    The sentence says
    American presidents live in a world in which:
    ---1) the public and private realms of their lives were largely seperate
    --2) the press cooperated in maintaing the distinction
    and
    -- 3) Americans judged national leaders without receiving, or expecting, intimate information about them

    since in which is used in non-underlined part you must use same construction in order to make it parallel and harmonious. Smile

    Hence E wins here.

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    aim-wsc Legendary Member
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    Post Fri Apr 13, 2007 10:13 pm
    jc114 wrote:
    People have discovered the principles of solar energy whenever fuel becomes scarce and expensive but will forget them every time a new source of cheap energy is developed.
    A. ...
    B. have discovered the principels of solar energy whenever fuel has become scarce and expensive but they forget
    C.discovered the principles of solar energy every time fuel becomes scarce and expensive, forgetting
    D. discover the principles of solar energy every time fuel became scarce and expensive, but they forget
    E. discover the principles of solar energy whenever fuel becomes scarce and expensive but forget
    Simple present tense.
    E. short and parallel.

    for other options here we go:
    A: have discovered..... but will forget ...... doesnt make parallel
    B: People have..... but they forget....... again discard; they've .... was OK
    C: need present tense> discard
    D: OK but if compared with E, D is wordy.
    People discover but forget Smile
    Quote:
    ==> is there a difference between "discovered" and "have discovered" (couldnt you use the present participle because people could have discovered from the past into the present?
    Also,...if you add "they", after "but" so it becomes "but they forget" (like D), is it wrong?
    D is not wrong but is wordy or if compared with E it is not a better option.

    for PP the statement has words like "every time / whenever... " therefore use simple present tense.

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    Cybermusings Legendary Member Default Avatar
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    Post Sat Apr 14, 2007 3:18 am
    I would have chosen D and E...but now I see why E is a correct choice in the first sentence

    prachipareekh Senior | Next Rank: 100 Posts Default Avatar
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    Post Tue Apr 17, 2007 10:29 am
    For 1st question

    E - maintaining parallelism - ...in which X and in which Y and in which Z

    A - incorrect - violating parallelism - ... in which X, and Y, and Z.

    B - incorrect - violating parallelism - ... in which X, where Y, and where Z.

    C - incorrect - violating parallelism - ... in which X, for Y, and Z.

    D - incorrect - violating parallelism - ... in which X, Y, for Z.

    prachipareekh Senior | Next Rank: 100 Posts Default Avatar
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    Post Tue Apr 17, 2007 10:56 am
    2nd Ques

    D - incorrect - wrong tense became - Make use of present tense -> 1. to state facts 2. to discuss one's own ideas 3. to discuss the ideas expressed by an author in a given work

    Post Thu Oct 19, 2017 11:31 am
    Answer
    Option A.
    'the press cooperated in maintaining the distinction, and '
    This is the correct answer
    Option B.
    the press cooperated in maintaining the distinction, and where.
    Option B is similar to option A but the use of 'where' makes it incorrect and unsuitable to be the answer.
    The use of 'where' does not compliment the preceding sentence
    Option C
    'the press cooperated to maintain the distinction, and'
    not 'to maintain' but 'to maintain'
    Option D.
    'the press cooperated to maintain the distinction, for'
    incorrect sentence usage 'to maintaining' not 'to maintan'
    Option E.
    in which the press cooperated in maintaing the distinction, and in which
    improper word usage maintaing not maintaing

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