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GMAT PREP - in july 1965

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fiza gupta Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts
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GMAT PREP - in july 1965

Post Tue Jan 10, 2017 10:10 am
In July 1965 Mariner IV passed by Mars and took the first-ever close-up photographs of another planet, which showed that the Martian surface was like that of the Moon’s in that it was pockmarked by moon like craters and was dry and apparently dead.

a. which showed that the Martian surface was like that of the Moon’s in that it was pockmarked by moon like craters and was dry and apparently dead.
b. which showed a dry, apparently dead Martian surface, and it was pockmarked by craters like the Moon has
c. which showed the Martian surface as a dry, apparently dead one, which was pockmarked with craters such as the Moon’s
d. photos showing the Martian surface to be like that of the Moon’s, dry and apparently dead, and it was pockmarked by moon like craters
e. photos that showed a dry, apparently dead Martian surface pockmarked with craters like those on the Moon

OA:E

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rsarashi Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts Default Avatar
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Post Sat Apr 15, 2017 8:14 pm
Hello Experts ,

Please share your thoughts.

Thanks

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Post Sun Apr 16, 2017 10:27 am
rsarashi wrote:
Quote:
d. photos showing the Martian surface to be like that of the Moon’s, dry and apparently dead, and it was pockmarked by moon like craters
- switching to "photos showing" fixes the modifier issue
- however, there is still a redundant comparison
- the "it was" clause is not logically parallel to any other clause

Hi Ceilidh ,

Can we eliminate this option by using SHOWING? Generally we use ING when we are doing something in current right?

Please explain.
That's not always true, no. When ING is used with a present tense conjugation of TO BE (IS, AM, ARE), it creates a PRESENT CONTINUOUS verb, which connotes an action currently happening. I am typing at this exact moment.

We can also use it in the PAST CONTINUOUS (I was typing yesterday), the future continuous (I will be typing tomorrow), the future perfect continuous (I will have been typing...) etc., etc. These do not express something CURRENT (right now), but rather something ONGOING (at whatever time that action was taking place).

When an ING is used as a MODIFIER, the same applies - it expresses ongoing action, not necessarily present-tense action. It is perfectly acceptable to say "photos showing..." in this context.

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rsarashi Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts Default Avatar
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Post Sat Apr 15, 2017 8:14 pm
Hello Experts ,

Please share your thoughts.

Thanks

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Post Sun Apr 16, 2017 10:27 am
rsarashi wrote:
Quote:
d. photos showing the Martian surface to be like that of the Moon’s, dry and apparently dead, and it was pockmarked by moon like craters
- switching to "photos showing" fixes the modifier issue
- however, there is still a redundant comparison
- the "it was" clause is not logically parallel to any other clause

Hi Ceilidh ,

Can we eliminate this option by using SHOWING? Generally we use ING when we are doing something in current right?

Please explain.
That's not always true, no. When ING is used with a present tense conjugation of TO BE (IS, AM, ARE), it creates a PRESENT CONTINUOUS verb, which connotes an action currently happening. I am typing at this exact moment.

We can also use it in the PAST CONTINUOUS (I was typing yesterday), the future continuous (I will be typing tomorrow), the future perfect continuous (I will have been typing...) etc., etc. These do not express something CURRENT (right now), but rather something ONGOING (at whatever time that action was taking place).

When an ING is used as a MODIFIER, the same applies - it expresses ongoing action, not necessarily present-tense action. It is perfectly acceptable to say "photos showing..." in this context.

_________________


Ceilidh Erickson
Manhattan Prep GMAT & GRE instructor
EdM in Mind, Brain, and Education
Harvard Graduate School of Education


Manhattan Prep instructors all have 99th+ percentile scores and expert teaching experience.
Sign up for a FREE TRIAL, and learn why we have the highest ratings in the GMAT industry!

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Post Sun Apr 16, 2017 10:33 am

_________________


Ceilidh Erickson
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EdM in Mind, Brain, and Education
Harvard Graduate School of Education


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rsarashi Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts Default Avatar
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Post Fri Apr 14, 2017 9:15 am
Quote:
d. photos showing the Martian surface to be like that of the Moon’s, dry and apparently dead, and it was pockmarked by moon like craters
- switching to "photos showing" fixes the modifier issue
- however, there is still a redundant comparison
- the "it was" clause is not logically parallel to any other clause

Hi Ceilidh ,

Can we eliminate this option by using SHOWING? Generally we use ING when we are doing something in current right?

Please explain.

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Post Tue Jan 10, 2017 2:17 pm
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