• PrepScholar GMAT
    5 Day FREE Trial
    Study Smarter, Not Harder

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    PrepScholar GMAT
  • EMPOWERgmat Slider
    1 Hour Free
    BEAT THE GMAT EXCLUSIVE

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    EMPOWERgmat Slider
  • Target Test Prep
    5-Day Free Trial
    5-day free, full-access trial TTP Quant

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Target Test Prep
  • Varsity Tutors
    Award-winning private GMAT tutoring
    Register now and save up to $200

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Varsity Tutors
  • Magoosh
    Magoosh
    Study with Magoosh GMAT prep

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Magoosh
  • Kaplan Test Prep
    Free Practice Test & Review
    How would you score if you took the GMAT

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Kaplan Test Prep
  • Veritas Prep
    Free Veritas GMAT Class
    Experience Lesson 1 Live Free

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Veritas Prep
  • e-gmat Exclusive Offer
    Get 300+ Practice Questions
    25 Video lessons and 6 Webinars for FREE

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    e-gmat Exclusive Offer
  • Economist Test Prep
    Free Trial & Practice Exam
    BEAT THE GMAT EXCLUSIVE

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Economist Test Prep

Experimentations on animals

This topic has 1 expert reply and 0 member replies
yoavyes Newbie | Next Rank: 10 Posts
Joined
13 Oct 2017
Posted:
5 messages

Experimentations on animals

Post Sat Nov 18, 2017 2:55 am
Susan: Those who oppose experimentation on animals do not properly value the preservation of human life. Although animal suffering is unfortunate, it is justifiable if it can lead to cures for human ailments.
Melvin: But much animal experimentation involves testing of ordinary consumer products such as soaps, dyes, and cosmetics.
Susan: These experiments are justifiable on the same grounds, since cleanliness, convenience, and beauty are worthwhile human values deserving of support.
Which of the following is the best statement of the logical flaw in Susan’s argument?
(A) Her claim that animal experimentation is justifiable if it supports human values contradicts her claim that such experimentation is justifiable only if it leads to cures for human ailments.
(B) She places a higher value on human cleanliness, convenience, and beauty than she does on the preservation of animal life.
(C) She uses the word “value” in two different senses.
(D) She assumes that all ordinary consumer products aid in the preservation of human life.
(E) She fails to show how mere support for human values actually preserves human lives.

Source: 1000 CR

OAE

How would you tackle this question?

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag
Post Mon Nov 20, 2017 6:43 am
Susan's conclusion: The testing of ordinary consumer products on animals is justifiable.
Susan's evidence: Testing on animals is justifiable if it can lead to cures for human ailments. Cleanliness, convenience, and beauty are worthwhile human values deserving of support.
Susan's assumption: Using animals to test ordinary consumer products, which promote cleanliness, etc., can lead to cures for human ailments.

That assumption above is the flaw in Susan's argument. She says that animal testing of ordinary consumer products is justifiable ON THE SAME GROUNDS as other kinds of experimentation that can lead preserve human life. That's a big, unwarranted leap. Cleanliness is a human value -- OK. But there's no reason to think that all human values lead to cures that preserve human life. This is what Choice E, the correct choice, says.

Choice A: There's no contradiction between saying that animal testing is justifiable if it supports human values and also saying that animal testing is justifiable only if it leads to cures. It's only when human values are specified to include things like cleanliness and beauty that the argument runs into trouble.
Choice B: This is simply incorrect. She never rates human cleanliness, etc. relative to the preservation of animal life.
Choice C: Susan uses the word "value" twice. In the first sentence, she uses it as a verb and in her second sentence as a noun. There is no flaw implied in her use of the word this way. As with Choice A, it's only when human values are specified to include things like cleanliness and beauty that the argument runs into trouble.
Choice D: Susan never makes such a broad claim. She only refers to certain consumer products.

I'm available if you'd like to follow up on this question.

_________________
GMAT Prep From The Economist
We offer 70+ point score improvement money back guarantee.
Our average student improves 98 points.

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag
Free 7-Day Test Prep with Economist GMAT Tutor - Receive free access to the top-rated GMAT prep course including a 1-on-1 strategy session, 2 full-length tests, and 5 ask-a-tutor messages. Get started now.

Best Conversation Starters

1 Roland2rule 175 topics
2 lheiannie07 110 topics
3 ardz24 56 topics
4 LUANDATO 52 topics
5 swerve 49 topics
See More Top Beat The GMAT Members...

Most Active Experts

1 image description Brent@GMATPrepNow

GMAT Prep Now Teacher

157 posts
2 image description GMATGuruNY

The Princeton Review Teacher

126 posts
3 image description Scott@TargetTestPrep

Target Test Prep

113 posts
4 image description Rich.C@EMPOWERgma...

EMPOWERgmat

106 posts
5 image description Jeff@TargetTestPrep

Target Test Prep

79 posts
See More Top Beat The GMAT Experts