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Ex - 2 Quality of Teaching

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Ex - 2 Quality of Teaching

Post Mon Jul 30, 2012 7:50 am
This question is the second practice problem in the 3rd series of Meaning based problem.

The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development in Finland requires that all teachers have master’s degree and funds the same to ensure that its teachers impart high quality of teaching.

A. degree and funds the same to ensure

B. degree, funds the same, and ensures

C. degree and fund the same to ensure

D. degree, funds the same, ensuring

E. degree, funding the same to ensure


We will provide the official answer soon.

You can read the articles in this series by clcking on the follwing links:
http://www.beatthegmat.com/mba/2012/07/16/5-strategies-that-gmat-uses-to-distort-meaning-part-1
http://www.beatthegmat.com/mba/2012/07/22/5-strategies-the-gmat-uses-to-distort-meaning-part-2
http://www.beatthegmat.com/mba/2012/07/28/5-strategies-the-gmat-uses-to-distort-meaning-part-3

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sprusty Newbie | Next Rank: 10 Posts Default Avatar
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Post Tue Jul 31, 2012 6:52 am
I agree, I will also go for choice A. funding need not necessarily refer to teachers.

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Post Wed Aug 01, 2012 12:58 am
+1 for A. Patanjali puts it nicely on why to avoid E.

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Post Tue Jul 31, 2012 6:52 am
I agree, I will also go for choice A. funding need not necessarily refer to teachers.

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Post Wed Aug 01, 2012 12:58 am
+1 for A. Patanjali puts it nicely on why to avoid E.

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Post Wed Aug 01, 2012 6:59 am
Hi folks,

Here is the official explanation for this question:

The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development in Finland requires that all teachers have master’s degree and funds the same to ensure that its teachers impart high quality of teaching.

    A. degree and funds the same to ensure
    B. degree, funds the same, and ensures
    C. degree and fund the same to ensure
    D. degree, funds the same, ensuring
    E. degree, funding the same to ensure




The sentence presents two facts about an organization in Finland - Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. This organization does two things with an aim to ensure that its teachers impart high quality of teaching.
1. It requires that all teachers have masters’ degree
2. It funds the same - i.e. it funds the masters’ degree education of teachers.



Let's spot the errors by splitting the sentence into clauses:

1. The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development in Finland requires
a. that all teachers have master’s degree
2. and funds the same to ensure that its teachers impart high quality of teaching.

In this sentence the two verbs - requires and funds - make sense and agree in number with the subject - organization. Per the context of the modifier “to ensure that its teachers…”, it is clear that it provides the purpose of both the actions of the organization. This sentence is correct as is.

Review Answer Choices to do POE:

Choice B - This choice no longer provides the purpose of the actions. By changing “to ensure” to “and ensures”, the sentence implies that the organization somehow (probably with some other measures) ensures that its teachers impart high quality of teachers. This is not the intended meaning of the sentence.

Choice C - This choice is also grammatically correct but it changes the intended meaning of the sentence. Per this choice, the organization requires two things from the teachers.
1. Teachers have master’s degree
2. Teachers fund the master’s degree

This is clearly not the intended meaning. Per the intended meaning, the organization requires that teachers have master’s degree and in fact the organization itself funds the same (obviously for the teachers who do not have master’s degree). The organization implements this requirement and funds the education with a single aim - high quality of teaching.

Choice D - This choice does not use correct punctuation to connect the two verbs - requires and funds.

Choice E - Use of “funding the same…” is incorrect here. Neither of the two interpretations of the verb-ing modifier is correct:
1. Organization requires that teachers have master’s degree - this results in the organization funding the education. -Illogical.
2. Organization requires that teachers have master’s degree by funding the same. - Illogical



1. Understand the meaning of the original sentence. Note the relationships among each part of the sentence - both from grammatical standpoint and from logical standpoint.
2. Make sure that these relationships are maintained in the correct choice as well.

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Post Wed Aug 01, 2012 6:12 am
I go with A as well.

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Post Mon Jul 30, 2012 10:12 pm
hoji wrote:
The battle goes between A and E,
E is incorrect, in my opinion
because "funding" does not refer to "The organization" but it refers to all teachers, meaning as if teachers fund the same, yet the intended meaning is that "The organization" funds the degree, not "teachers" do
so A is the winner
We can't say that funding refers only to 'teachers'. It can refer to either 'teachers' or 'the organization'. May be it is this ambiguity that makes E incorrect.

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Post Mon Jul 30, 2012 10:02 pm
The battle goes between A and E,
E is incorrect, in my opinion
because "funding" does not refer to "The organization" but it refers to all teachers, meaning as if teachers fund the same, yet the intended meaning is that "The organization" funds the degree, not "teachers" do
so A is the winner

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Post Mon Jul 30, 2012 8:18 pm
e-GMAT wrote:
The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development in Finland requires that all teachers have master’s degree and funds the same to ensure that its teachers impart high quality of teaching.

A. degree and funds the same to ensure >> Seems ok. two activities mentioned are parallel.

B. degree, funds the same, and ensures >> Superficial parallelism. There are only two activities: requiring and funding.

C. degree and fund the same to ensure >> Subject is singular. We need funds.

D. degree, funds the same, ensuring >> Comma splice.

E. degree, funding the same to ensure >> grammatically looks ok. But I somehow feel that it is changing the meaning. Does Requirement cause funding, or funding causes the requirement. E seems to be implying the latter, or I'm not sure.

I pick A.

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