• EMPOWERgmat Slider
    1 Hour Free
    BEAT THE GMAT EXCLUSIVE

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    EMPOWERgmat Slider
  • Magoosh
    Magoosh
    Study with Magoosh GMAT prep

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Magoosh
  • e-gmat Exclusive Offer
    Get 300+ Practice Questions
    25 Video lessons and 6 Webinars for FREE

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    e-gmat Exclusive Offer
  • Kaplan Test Prep
    Free Practice Test & Review
    How would you score if you took the GMAT

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Kaplan Test Prep
  • PrepScholar GMAT
    5 Day FREE Trial
    Study Smarter, Not Harder

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    PrepScholar GMAT
  • Economist Test Prep
    Free Trial & Practice Exam
    BEAT THE GMAT EXCLUSIVE

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Economist Test Prep
  • Veritas Prep
    Free Veritas GMAT Class
    Experience Lesson 1 Live Free

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Veritas Prep
  • Target Test Prep
    5-Day Free Trial
    5-day free, full-access trial TTP Quant

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Target Test Prep
  • Varsity Tutors
    Award-winning private GMAT tutoring
    Register now and save up to $200

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Varsity Tutors

Ex - 2 Quality of Teaching

This topic has 1 expert reply and 8 member replies

GMAT/MBA Expert

e-GMAT GMAT Instructor
Joined
26 Jul 2010
Posted:
626 messages
Followed by:
223 members
Thanked:
527 times

Ex - 2 Quality of Teaching

Post Mon Jul 30, 2012 7:50 am
Elapsed Time: 00:00
  • Lap #[LAPCOUNT] ([LAPTIME])
    This question is the second practice problem in the 3rd series of Meaning based problem.

    The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development in Finland requires that all teachers have master’s degree and funds the same to ensure that its teachers impart high quality of teaching.

    A. degree and funds the same to ensure

    B. degree, funds the same, and ensures

    C. degree and fund the same to ensure

    D. degree, funds the same, ensuring

    E. degree, funding the same to ensure


    We will provide the official answer soon.

    You can read the articles in this series by clcking on the follwing links:
    http://www.beatthegmat.com/mba/2012/07/16/5-strategies-that-gmat-uses-to-distort-meaning-part-1
    http://www.beatthegmat.com/mba/2012/07/22/5-strategies-the-gmat-uses-to-distort-meaning-part-2
    http://www.beatthegmat.com/mba/2012/07/28/5-strategies-the-gmat-uses-to-distort-meaning-part-3

    Need free GMAT or MBA advice from an expert? Register for Beat The GMAT now and post your question in these forums!
    Birottam Dutta Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts
    Joined
    08 Jul 2009
    Posted:
    342 messages
    Followed by:
    19 members
    Thanked:
    214 times
    Test Date:
    24/04/2009
    GMAT Score:
    740
    Post Mon Jul 30, 2012 8:36 am
    The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development in Finland requires that all teachers have master’s degree and funds the same to ensure that its teachers impart high quality of teaching.

    Here what we want to convey is that The organization demands that all the teachers have a master's degree and also that this organization funds all the masters' degrees to ensure high class faculty.

    Also, correct usage will be fund and not funds since degree of all teachers is being funded. So, A, B and D are eliminated.

    Let us now go through the options C and E:

    C. degree and fund the same to ensure--- This is ambiguous and suggests that teachers fund the degree while actually the organization does. so this is incorrect.

    E. degree, funding the same to ensure--- correct, funding is placed immediately after degree, and the verb (funding) is clearly attached to the subject (the organization). This is clear and correct!

    Hence, E!

    _________________
    Folks please check this out
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H7p56NzAVKc

    Thanked by: ananyaray9
    Post Mon Jul 30, 2012 2:19 pm
    e-GMAT wrote:
    This question is the second practice problem in the 3rd series of Meaning based problem.

    The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development in Finland requires that all teachers have master’s degree and funds the same to ensure that its teachers impart high quality of teaching.

    A. degree and funds the same to ensure

    B. degree, funds the same, and ensures

    C. degree and fund the same to ensure

    D. degree, funds the same, ensuring

    E. degree, funding the same to ensure
    REQUIRES and FUNDS are two activities that OECD is doing - they should be parallel.

    B - maintains parallelism (REQUIRES...FUNDS...ENSURES), but FUNDING is happening to ENSURE something (in other words FUNDING and ENSURING are not two separate activities)

    C - ALL teachers HAVE degree and FUND the same - distorts the meaning; It says TEACHERS FUND (while original sentence says OECD is funding); FUND is not matching with singular OECD

    D - REQUIRES.., FUNDS.. (two different verbs not connected wiith a connector)

    E - ALL teachers HAVE degree, funding the same (here funding is modifying the previous clause - that means TEACHERS ARE FUNDING. Original sentence says OECD is funding)

    A - REQUIRES...AND FUNDS (parallel); additionally absence of THAT before FUNDS suggests that FUNDS is attached with OECD not TEACHERS.

    IMO A

    vk_vinayak Legendary Member
    Joined
    03 Jun 2008
    Posted:
    502 messages
    Followed by:
    21 members
    Thanked:
    98 times
    Post Mon Jul 30, 2012 8:18 pm
    e-GMAT wrote:
    The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development in Finland requires that all teachers have master’s degree and funds the same to ensure that its teachers impart high quality of teaching.

    A. degree and funds the same to ensure >> Seems ok. two activities mentioned are parallel.

    B. degree, funds the same, and ensures >> Superficial parallelism. There are only two activities: requiring and funding.

    C. degree and fund the same to ensure >> Subject is singular. We need funds.

    D. degree, funds the same, ensuring >> Comma splice.

    E. degree, funding the same to ensure >> grammatically looks ok. But I somehow feel that it is changing the meaning. Does Requirement cause funding, or funding causes the requirement. E seems to be implying the latter, or I'm not sure.

    I pick A.

    _________________
    - VK

    I will (Learn. Recognize. Apply)

    hoji Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts
    Joined
    08 Oct 2010
    Posted:
    110 messages
    Followed by:
    2 members
    Thanked:
    8 times
    Test Date:
    TBD
    Target GMAT Score:
    750+
    Post Mon Jul 30, 2012 10:02 pm
    The battle goes between A and E,
    E is incorrect, in my opinion
    because "funding" does not refer to "The organization" but it refers to all teachers, meaning as if teachers fund the same, yet the intended meaning is that "The organization" funds the degree, not "teachers" do
    so A is the winner

    _________________
    I know of no more encouraging fact than the unquestionable ability of a man to elevate his life by conscious endeavor.
    Henry David Thoreau.

    Sleep GMAT, eat GMAT, beat GMAT!
    ______________________________
    Quant ----> 51
    Verbal----> 44+
    GMAT ----> 750+

    vk_vinayak Legendary Member
    Joined
    03 Jun 2008
    Posted:
    502 messages
    Followed by:
    21 members
    Thanked:
    98 times
    Post Mon Jul 30, 2012 10:12 pm
    hoji wrote:
    The battle goes between A and E,
    E is incorrect, in my opinion
    because "funding" does not refer to "The organization" but it refers to all teachers, meaning as if teachers fund the same, yet the intended meaning is that "The organization" funds the degree, not "teachers" do
    so A is the winner
    We can't say that funding refers only to 'teachers'. It can refer to either 'teachers' or 'the organization'. May be it is this ambiguity that makes E incorrect.

    _________________
    - VK

    I will (Learn. Recognize. Apply)

    sprusty Newbie | Next Rank: 10 Posts Default Avatar
    Joined
    21 Nov 2011
    Posted:
    9 messages
    Followed by:
    1 members
    Thanked:
    7 times
    Post Tue Jul 31, 2012 6:52 am
    I agree, I will also go for choice A. funding need not necessarily refer to teachers.

    bubbliiiiiiii Legendary Member
    Joined
    14 Apr 2009
    Posted:
    971 messages
    Followed by:
    12 members
    Thanked:
    48 times
    Test Date:
    18.10.2012
    Target GMAT Score:
    760
    GMAT Score:
    700
    Post Wed Aug 01, 2012 12:58 am
    +1 for A. Patanjali puts it nicely on why to avoid E.

    _________________
    Regards,

    Pranay

    crisro Senior | Next Rank: 100 Posts
    Joined
    07 Feb 2011
    Posted:
    56 messages
    Thanked:
    1 times
    Test Date:
    07/30/11
    Target GMAT Score:
    700
    GMAT Score:
    600
    Post Wed Aug 01, 2012 6:12 am
    I go with A as well.

    GMAT/MBA Expert

    e-GMAT GMAT Instructor
    Joined
    26 Jul 2010
    Posted:
    626 messages
    Followed by:
    223 members
    Thanked:
    527 times
    Post Wed Aug 01, 2012 6:59 am
    Hi folks,

    Here is the official explanation for this question:

    The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development in Finland requires that all teachers have master’s degree and funds the same to ensure that its teachers impart high quality of teaching.

      A. degree and funds the same to ensure
      B. degree, funds the same, and ensures
      C. degree and fund the same to ensure
      D. degree, funds the same, ensuring
      E. degree, funding the same to ensure




    The sentence presents two facts about an organization in Finland - Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. This organization does two things with an aim to ensure that its teachers impart high quality of teaching.
    1. It requires that all teachers have masters’ degree
    2. It funds the same - i.e. it funds the masters’ degree education of teachers.



    Let's spot the errors by splitting the sentence into clauses:

    1. The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development in Finland requires
    a. that all teachers have master’s degree
    2. and funds the same to ensure that its teachers impart high quality of teaching.

    In this sentence the two verbs - requires and funds - make sense and agree in number with the subject - organization. Per the context of the modifier “to ensure that its teachers…”, it is clear that it provides the purpose of both the actions of the organization. This sentence is correct as is.

    Review Answer Choices to do POE:

    Choice B - This choice no longer provides the purpose of the actions. By changing “to ensure” to “and ensures”, the sentence implies that the organization somehow (probably with some other measures) ensures that its teachers impart high quality of teachers. This is not the intended meaning of the sentence.

    Choice C - This choice is also grammatically correct but it changes the intended meaning of the sentence. Per this choice, the organization requires two things from the teachers.
    1. Teachers have master’s degree
    2. Teachers fund the master’s degree

    This is clearly not the intended meaning. Per the intended meaning, the organization requires that teachers have master’s degree and in fact the organization itself funds the same (obviously for the teachers who do not have master’s degree). The organization implements this requirement and funds the education with a single aim - high quality of teaching.

    Choice D - This choice does not use correct punctuation to connect the two verbs - requires and funds.

    Choice E - Use of “funding the same…” is incorrect here. Neither of the two interpretations of the verb-ing modifier is correct:
    1. Organization requires that teachers have master’s degree - this results in the organization funding the education. -Illogical.
    2. Organization requires that teachers have master’s degree by funding the same. - Illogical



    1. Understand the meaning of the original sentence. Note the relationships among each part of the sentence - both from grammatical standpoint and from logical standpoint.
    2. Make sure that these relationships are maintained in the correct choice as well.

    Best Conversation Starters

    1 Vincen 152 topics
    2 lheiannie07 61 topics
    3 Roland2rule 49 topics
    4 ardz24 40 topics
    5 LUANDATO 32 topics
    See More Top Beat The GMAT Members...

    Most Active Experts

    1 image description Brent@GMATPrepNow

    GMAT Prep Now Teacher

    141 posts
    2 image description EconomistGMATTutor

    The Economist GMAT Tutor

    107 posts
    3 image description GMATGuruNY

    The Princeton Review Teacher

    106 posts
    4 image description Rich.C@EMPOWERgma...

    EMPOWERgmat

    104 posts
    5 image description Matt@VeritasPrep

    Veritas Prep

    76 posts
    See More Top Beat The GMAT Experts