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Easy way to find the subject of the sentence?

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awesomeusername Really wants to Beat The GMAT!
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Easy way to find the subject of the sentence? Post Tue Feb 03, 2009 1:50 pm
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    I have recently cracked open the MGMAT SC guide and quickly found that I was having an issue finding the subject of the sentence. For example:

    "She knows that despite the element of luck, the judgment and wisdom displayed by each contestant evidently affect the outcome."

    How do you know that "judgment and wisdom" is the subject?

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    dimonya Just gettin' started! Default Avatar
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    Post Tue Feb 03, 2009 2:29 pm
    i concur

    avonmore Just gettin' started! Default Avatar
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    Post Tue Feb 03, 2009 5:03 pm
    what is your mean?

    dimonya Just gettin' started! Default Avatar
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    Post Tue Feb 03, 2009 8:48 pm
    oh , you can detect subject of the sentence by the verbs.

    verb= action , action applies to subject

    so see what the verbs point to

    piyush_nitt GMAT Destroyer! Default Avatar
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    Post Wed Feb 04, 2009 3:23 am
    awesomeusername wrote:
    I have recently cracked open the MGMAT SC guide and quickly found that I was having an issue finding the subject of the sentence. For example:

    "She knows that despite the element of luck, the judgment and wisdom displayed by each contestant evidently affect the outcome."

    How do you know that "judgment and wisdom" is the subject?
    I think She is the subject and Knows is the verb.

    anyone pls ?

    awesomeusername Really wants to Beat The GMAT!
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    Post Wed Feb 04, 2009 10:36 am
    OA says "judgment and wisdom" is the subject and "affect" is the verb.

    hitmewithgmat Really wants to Beat The GMAT! Default Avatar
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    Post Wed Feb 04, 2009 2:26 pm
    "She knows that despite the element of luck, the judgment and wisdom displayed by each contestant evidently affect the outcome."


    You know that the sentence above actually contains 2 sentences. You can simply tell when you see the comma(,) mark between the sentence.

    So, first sentence.
    "She" is the singular subject.
    "knows" is the verb corresponding to "she"

    second sentence
    "the judgment and wisdom" are the plural subject because the usage of "and". For example, A and B are friends. When connecting by "and", then you can safely tell that that sentence starts with plural subject. I hope this clear the doubt. moving on to the verb...

    the verb in this second sentence is ........
    Affect.

    "displayed by each contestant" modifies the preceding nouns, "the judgment and wisdom"


    p.s: the subject is almost always the first word to begin with.

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    iamcste GMAT Destroyer! Default Avatar
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    Post Thu Feb 05, 2009 5:16 am
    awesomeusername wrote:
    OA says "judgment and wisdom" is the subject and "affect" is the verb.
    OA would explain only the underlined part with errors

    As explained by one of the poster, 2 sentences with individual subject and verb

    She Knows---One pair

    Judgement and wisdom , affect -other pair

    so, you can have more than one subject-verb pairs but the focus should be on the portion which is underlined

    piyush_nitt GMAT Destroyer! Default Avatar
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    Post Thu Feb 05, 2009 12:59 pm
    awesomeusername wrote:
    I have recently cracked open the MGMAT SC guide and quickly found that I was having an issue finding the subject of the sentence. For example:

    "She knows that despite the element of luck, the judgment and wisdom displayed by each contestant evidently affect the outcome."

    How do you know that "judgment and wisdom" is the subject?
    Do you guys think that sentence is an example of Comma splice ?

    Karen GMAT Instructor
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    Post Thu Feb 05, 2009 1:07 pm
    This isn't an example of comma splice. Comma splice is when you slam two *independent* clauses together with nothing more than a comma:

    She knows the answer, she doesn't want to say it.

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    piyush_nitt GMAT Destroyer! Default Avatar
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    Post Thu Feb 05, 2009 1:11 pm
    Karen wrote:
    This isn't an example of comma splice. Comma splice is when you slam two *independent* clauses together with nothing more than a comma:

    She knows the answer, she doesn't want to say it.
    Karen,

    Thanks for response.

    IMO we have two independent clauses in the sentence.

    She knows that despite the element of luck

    She - Subject
    Knows - verb

    the judgment and wisdom displayed by each contestant evidently affect the outcome

    the judgment and wisdom - Subject
    affect - verb

    Please let me know your thoughts!

    Thanks heaps !

    Karen GMAT Instructor
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    Post Thu Feb 05, 2009 1:25 pm
    The first clause -- "She knows..." -- is actually dependent, in the sense that if you took the other clause out, it wouldn't be able to stand alone as a complete sentence. You'd just have "She knows."

    It's also called the "main clause," and when you have a main clause and then another clause that is the object of a verb in the main clause, that's *not* a comma splice.

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