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Appropriate usage of unlike,eventhough, although???

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Shadow Senior | Next Rank: 100 Posts Default Avatar
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Appropriate usage of unlike,eventhough, although???

Post Wed Jul 11, 2007 10:02 pm
Elapsed Time: 00:00
  • Lap #[LAPCOUNT] ([LAPTIME])
    Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were relatively simple and static, Barbara McClintock adhered to her own more complicated ideas about how genes might operate, and in 1983, at the age of 81, was awarded a Nobel Prize for her discovery that the genes in corn are capable of moving from one chromosomal site to another.

    A. Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were relatively simple and static
    B. Although many of her colleagues were of the conviction of genes being relatively simple and static
    C. Contrary to many of her colleagues being convinced that genes were relatively simple and static
    D. Even though many of her colleagues were convinced that genes were relatively simple and static
    E. Even with many of her colleagues convinced of genes being relatively simple and static

    Could you please let me know when it is appropritae to use words unlike,although,eventhough

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    blah45 Junior | Next Rank: 30 Posts Default Avatar
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    Post Sat Jul 14, 2007 6:30 pm
    is it (A)?

    Answer please?

    givemeanid Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts
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    Post Sat Jul 14, 2007 7:13 pm
    Check this for usage of although, unlike, etc: http://www.beatthegmat.com/viewtopic.php?p=15163#15163

    I think the answer is D. What is OA?

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    blah45 Junior | Next Rank: 30 Posts Default Avatar
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    Post Sun Jul 15, 2007 4:27 am
    Yes, I think i'm wrong. Answer is probably (D).

    (A) is wrong b/c "Unlike the conviction..." is modifying "Barbara McClintock..."...which is wrong.

    Damn!!! I got to stop making these silly mistakes... Sad

    beeparoo Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts
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    Post Sun Jul 15, 2007 11:07 am
    Answer: D

    A - Comparing apples and oranges... This answer should compare conviction of colleagues to conviction of Barbara.

    B - Awkwardly structured: "of the conviction of genes being... simple" and uses the (almost) forbidden, "being".

    C - Again, that poorly used word, "being" rears itself here: "her colleagues being convinced"

    D - Removes the "unlike" word in the beginning of the sentence to eliminate the comparison being made between Barbara and the convictions of her colleagues.

    E - Come on: "genes being... simple" Need I say more? (see my explanation above"

    Cheers

    komal Legendary Member
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    Post Wed Feb 10, 2010 1:06 am
    [quote="Shadow"]Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were relatively simple and static, Barbara McClintock adhered to her own more complicated ideas about how genes might operate, and in 1983, at the age of 81, was awarded a Nobel Prize for her discovery that the genes in corn are capable of moving from one chromosomal site to another.

    A Incorrect comparison between conviction and Barbara McClintock.

    B Were of the conviction of genes being relatively simple is wordy and awkward.

    C Contrary to many of her colleagues being convinced is wordy and awkward.

    D Correct. A dependent clause describing the beliefs of McClintock's colleagues is followed by the main clause presenting the contrasting beliefs of McClintock.

    E Even with many of her colleagues . .. is wordy and indirect.

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    ardsouza Newbie | Next Rank: 10 Posts Default Avatar
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    Post Tue Dec 27, 2011 7:59 am
    Although I agree with most of the reasoning behind D, the phrase "genes were" should ideally be "genes are" as the behavior of genes in general is being described and not a past behavior. In the light of this error, I believe E becomes the better answer of the two.

    Any thoughts?

    umeshpatil Senior | Next Rank: 100 Posts
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    Post Wed Sep 18, 2013 5:29 pm
    Komal, explained correctly.
    I require right justification why B & C are incorrect. 'Wordy and awkward' explanation is not useful to understand the concept. Can anyone explain me in terms of grammar?

    theCodeToGMAT Legendary Member
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    Post Wed Sep 18, 2013 7:54 pm
    A - Incorrect. Unlike is used when balanced comparison; You cannot "convinction" to "barbara"
    B - Incorrect. "being" cannot be used here.. it's not an ongoing event
    C - Incorrect. "being" cannot be used here.. it's not an ongoing event
    D - Correct
    E - Incorrect. "being" cannot be used here.. it's not an ongoing event



    NOTE: "being" is not always wrong on GMAT; don't just eliminate the answer choice just because it contains being. "being" has to be used when the sentence is describing some ongoing event.

    theCodeToGMAT Legendary Member
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    Post Wed Sep 18, 2013 7:58 pm
    It is wrong to eliminate B & C by concluding that they are wordy; they are not. Infact C gives very concise answer, although wrong.

    The problem is the incorrect use of "being". This sentence is in past tense.. "being" has to be used when you are stating an ongoing event.


    umeshpatil wrote:
    Komal, explained correctly.
    I require right justification why B & C are incorrect. 'Wordy and awkward' explanation is not useful to understand the concept. Can anyone explain me in terms of grammar?

    Thanked by: umeshpatil

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