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## 3 code symbols

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amsm25 Just gettin' started!
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3 code symbols Fri Apr 27, 2012 8:32 pm
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• Lap #[LAPCOUNT] ([LAPTIME])
Are there exactly 3 code symbols used in a code language Q?
1)The code group in language Q are all of the horizontal arrangements of one or more distinct code symbol.
2)there are exactly 15 code groups in language Q.

AO- C

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simone88 Rising GMAT Star
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Sat Apr 28, 2012 3:05 am
IMO C
suppose 1) Language Q could have both 3 or 2 code symbols, for example. The code group would be in the two cases:
a) A,B, AB;
b) A,B,C,AB,AC,BA,BC,CA,CB,ABC,ACB,BAC,BCA,CAB,CBA;
It is consisten with 1
so INSUFFICIENT
suppose 2) could, again, be both the language of all of the horizontal arrangements of one or more distinct code symbol among A,B,C (b) and the language of one code symbol among 15 code symbols (A;B;C;D;E;F;G;H;I;J;K;L;M;N,O)-> INSUFFICIENT
suppose 1) and 2) the number of code groups with these assumptions are f(n)=n+n*(n-1)+n*(n-1)*(n-2)+...+n! where n is the number of code symbols.
For example for n=3 we have 3 single code symbols (A,B,C), 3*2 2-code symbols strings (AB,AC,BA,BC,CA,CB) and 3*2*1
3-code symbols strings (ABC,ACB,BAC,BCA,CAB,CBA)
3+3*2+3*2*1=15 so 3 code symbols fit well our problem. However f(n) in increasing so only n=3 can be the answer so this is SUFFICIENT.

Last edited by simone88 on Sat Apr 28, 2012 6:12 am; edited 1 time in total

simone88 Rising GMAT Star
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Sat Apr 28, 2012 3:06 am
amsm25 wrote:
AO- C

Shalabh's Quants Really wants to Beat The GMAT!
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Sat Apr 28, 2012 6:04 am
amsm25 wrote:
Are there exactly 3 code symbols used in a code language Q?
1)The code group in language Q are all of the horizontal arrangements of one or more distinct code symbol.
2)there are exactly 15 code groups in language Q.

AO- C
As is clear that Statement 1 & 2 cannot answer independently. So lets combine.

Assume there are only 3 code symbols and we wish to make distinct code groups using distinct symbol only.

Code group with 1 symbol only = 3.
Code group with 2 symbol only = 3P2 = 3.2 = 6.
Code group with 3 symbol only = 3P3 = 3.2.1 = 6.

Totaling 15. It satisfies both the statements hence ans C.

_________________
Shalabh Jain,
e-GMAT Instructor

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