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1000 CR test11

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magical cook Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts Default Avatar
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1000 CR test11

Post Tue Apr 03, 2007 8:30 am
Hi,

The answer is E) but I thought was A) because G's statement is "human life" so F can make objection to the point by saying that cosmetic is not necessarry for human life....

Can anyone explain why E) is better answer?


F: We ought not to test the safety of new drugs on sentient animals, such as dogs and rabbits. Our benefit means their pain, and they are equal to us in the capacity to feel pain.
G: We must carry out such tests; otherwise, we would irresponsibly sacrifice the human lives that could have been saved by the drugs.

Which of the following, if true, is the best objection that could be made from F's point of view to counter G's point?
(A) Even though it is not necessary for people to use cosmetics, cosmetics are also being tested on sentient animals.
(B) Medical science already has at its disposal a great number of drugs and other treatments for serious illnesses.
(C) It is not possible to obtain scientifically adequate results by testing drugs in the test tube, without making tests on living tissue.
(D) Some of the drugs to be tested would save human beings from great pain.
(E) Many tests now performed on sentient animals can be performed equally well on fertilized chicken eggs that are at a very early stage of development.

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Post Wed Apr 04, 2007 12:38 am
To add on--the assumption of G's argument is that there is no way to get the drugs without testing on sentient animals. Answer E gives us a way to still have the drugs (which is what G wants) while not testing on animals. Looking for the assumption of the argument is often key to getting this type of question.

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rajesh_ctm Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts Default Avatar
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Post Tue Apr 03, 2007 5:09 pm
A is subject to questions. We do not know how much testing is for cosmetics and how much for life saving drugs? What if the cosmetics testing is only 2%? Even if we stop testing for cosmetics, the problem will not be solved. Sentient animals will suffer pain for testing drugs.

E is an excellent alternative, which cannot be easily questioned in the scope of this discussion. Testing is still done on animals (no sacrifice of human life - G's point), while the animals are not sentient (no pain - F's point). It's a win-win!

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